What parents and caregivers need to know! For the past few 2 months of child development what needs, we have been constantly bombarded with one new study after another as well as the many interpretations of each.
Many entrepreneurs have jumped onto this bandwagon and are offering new “gadgets” or “educational systems” to make “your baby” the smartest one yet. How do we decide which is important and which is just a gimmick? The cells of the brain are either neurons or glia. They pass electrochemical signals to each other. The following diagram illustrates this activity.
Synapses are the paths or avenues that allow individual nerve cells to connect with each other. Conducted velocity is faster for mylenated axons. One can consider axons to be like electrical wires. Degradation occurs when enzymes break it down. Reuptake occurs when the neuron takes back the neurotransmitter for later action. The information is communicated to the next axon, i. There are two myths that are often told about babies.
The first is that “a newborn is not capable of interacting right away. The second is, “It takes a while for a baby to see or hear”. Both of these myths have been blasted out of the water by scientists today. Infants are learning almost from the time of conception. Much work has been done to study how and what an infant learns while still in utero.
Of all the sensory experiences, touch is how the infant first knows he is loved. It is the source of comfort. Holding is reassuring in the face of strangeness. For an older child, touching a “lovey” gives security in new situations. There is much research about infant massage. In preemies, massage causes faster growth, calmer babies and better development. Spitz did studies in the 1940’s and found that infants need a loving, trusting adult to act as the interpreter of life experiences, otherwise they have no meaning.