Acute appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix, the narrow, finger-shaped organ that branches off the first part of the large intestine on the right side of the abdomen. Although the an acute appendicitis at children of early age is a vestigial organ with no known function, it can become diseased. In fact, acute appendicitis is the most common reason for abdominal surgery in the world.
If it is not treated promptly, there is the chance that the inflamed appendix will burst, spilling fecal material into the abdominal cavity. Appendicitis is uncommon among older people, and symptoms are generally mild, so that diagnosis of the acute episode is often not made. Members of this age group are thus at greater risk for rupture with peritonitis or abscess formation. Appendicitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection, although the reason the appendix becomes infected is unknown. Swelling and inflammation lead to infection, blood clot, or rupture of the appendix. Lymphoid hyperplasia is associated with inflammatory and infectious disorders such as Crohn disease, measles, amebiasis, gastroenteritis, respiratory infections, and mononucleosis.
Prevention of Acute Appendicitis There are no specific preventive measures. Contrary to popular belief, swallowing seeds from fruit does not precipitate appendicitis. A rectal examination may be performed. Blood and urine samples will be taken for analysis. If you are unsure of your symptoms, take your temperature every two hours and keep a record for your doctor.