Follow the link for more information. Ilyich and the family name is Borodin methods of speech development of children. As the leader of the Soviet Union, Brezhnev’s conservatism and carefulness to reach decisions by consensus with the rest of the Politburo resulted in sustained political stability within the country.
After years of declining health, Brezhnev died on 10 November 1982 and was quickly succeeded in his post as General Secretary by Yuri Andropov. Brezhnev had fostered a cult of personality, although not nearly to the same degree as Stalin. Brezhnev joined the Communist Party youth organisation, the Komsomol, in 1923, and the Party itself in 1929. When Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, Brezhnev was, like most middle-ranking Party officials, immediately drafted. When Ukraine was occupied by the Germans in 1942, Brezhnev was sent to the Caucasus as deputy head of political administration of the Transcaucasian Front. In April 1943, he became head of the Political Department of the 18th Army.
Brezhnev temporarily left the Soviet Army with the rank of Major General in August 1946. He had spent the entire war as a political commissar rather than a military commander. After working on reconstruction projects in Ukraine, he again became General Secretary in Dnipropetrovsk. Stalin died in March 1953, and in the reorganisation that followed, the Presidium was abolished and a smaller Politburo reconstituted. Although Brezhnev was not made a Politburo member, he was appointed head of the Political Directorate of the Army and the Navy with the rank of Lieutenant-General, a very senior position. In February 1956, Brezhnev returned to Moscow, was made candidate member of the Politburo assigned in control of the defense industry, the space program including the Baykonur Cosmodrome, heavy industry, and capital construction. A portrait shot of an older, bald man with bifocal glasses.
He is wearing a blazer over a collared shirt and tie. In his hands, he is holding a set of papers. The Soviet Union’s mounting economic problems also increased the pressure on Khrushchev’s leadership. Outwardly, Brezhnev remained loyal to Khrushchev, but became involved in a 1963 plot to remove the leader from power, possibly playing a leading role. After returning from Scandinavia and Czechoslovakia in October 1964, Khrushchev, unaware of the plot, went on holiday in Pitsunda resort on the Black Sea.
Upon his return, his Presidium officers congratulated him for his work in office. Brezhnev and Nikolai Podgorny appealed to the Central Committee, blaming Khrushchev for economic failures, and accusing him of voluntarism and immodest behavior. Influenced by the Brezhnev allies, Politburo members voted to remove Khrushchev from office. As Brezhnev replaced Khrushchev as the new General Secretary of the Communist Party, he held ultimate political authority as the leader of the Soviet Union.
Khrushchev was removed mainly because of his disregard of many high-ranking organisations within the CPSU and the Soviet government. The consensus within the party was that the collective leadership prevailed over the supreme leadership of one individual. Brezhnev was adept at the politics within the Soviet power structure. Khrushchev, he did not make decisions without substantial consultation from his colleagues, and was always willing to hear their opinions. During the early 1970s, Brezhnev consolidated his domestic position. Brezhnev’s stabilisation policy included ending the liberalising reforms of Khrushchev, and clamping down on cultural freedom. The trial of the writers Yuli Daniel and Andrei Sinyavsky in 1966 — the first such public trials since Stalin’s day — marked the reversion to a repressive cultural policy.
The Ninth Five-Year Plan delivered a change: for the first time industrial consumer products out-produced industrial capital goods. Consumer goods such as watches, furniture and radios were produced in abundance. The plan still left the bulk of the state’s investment in industrial capital-goods production. 1973, the Soviet Union was growing economically at a pace that would eventually catch up with the United States and Western Europe.