For the Russian Prime Minister with a center of development of creativity of children Tambov name, see Dmitry Medvedev. Ivanovich and the family name is Mendeleev.
Maria Kornilieva came from a well-known dynasty of Tobolsk merchants, founders of the first Siberian printing house who traced their ancestry to Yakov Korniliev, a 17th-century posad man turned a wealthy merchant. Mendeleev was raised as an Orthodox Christian, his mother encouraging him to “patiently search divine and scientific truth. His son would later inform that he departed from the Church and embraced a form of “romanticized deism”. Mendeleev was the youngest of 17 siblings, of whom “only 14 stayed alive to be baptized” according to Mendeleev’s brother Pavel, meaning the others died soon after their birth. The exact number of Mendeleev’s siblings differs among sources and is still a matter of some historical dispute.
In 1849, his mother took Mendeleev across Russia from Siberia to Moscow with the aim of getting Mendeleev a higher education. The university in Moscow did not accept him. The mother and son continued to Saint Petersburg to the father’s alma mater. Between 1859 and 1861, he worked on the capillarity of liquids and the workings of the spectroscope in Heidelberg.
Later in 1861, he published a textbook named Organic Chemistry. Mendeleev became a professor at the Saint Petersburg Technological Institute and Saint Petersburg State University in 1864, and 1865, respectively. 1881 he proposed to her and threatened suicide if she refused. Mendeleev also investigated the composition of petroleum, and helped to found the first oil refinery in Russia.
He recognized the importance of petroleum as a feedstock for petrochemicals. He is credited with a remark that burning petroleum as a fuel “would be akin to firing up a kitchen stove with bank notes. In 1905, Mendeleev was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1907, Mendeleev died at the age of 72 in Saint Petersburg from influenza.