Child phonics

This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving. Have fun building a sandcastle with Colin the Clam and child phonics postcards with Salty Sam. Read a selection of silly sentences in the gallery.

Access printable resources for Key Stage 1 and information about the National Curriculum. Decoding is the ability to apply your knowledge of letter-sound relationships, including knowledge of letter patterns, to correctly pronounce written words. Understanding these relationships gives children the ability to recognize familiar words quickly and to figure out words they haven’t seen before. Although children may sometimes figure out some of these relationships on their own, most children benefit from explicit instruction in this area. What the problem looks like A kid’s perspective: What this feels like to me Children will usually express their frustration and difficulties in a general way, with statements like “I hate reading! I just seem to get stuck when I try to read a lot of the words in this chapter.

Figuring out the words takes so much of my energy, I can’t even think about what it means. I don’t know how to sound out these words. I know my letters and sounds, but I just can’t read words on a page. Click here to find out what kids can do to help themselves.

She often gets stuck on words when reading. I end up telling her many of the words. His reading is very slow because he spends so much time figuring out words. She’s not able to understand much about what she’s read because she’s so busy trying to sound out the words. It’s as if he doesn’t know how to put the information together to read words.