This article needs additional citations for verification. Children in the German army a machine-translated version of the Norwegian article. Google’s machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. The German occupation of Norway began on 9 April 1940 after German forces invaded the neutral Scandinavian country of Norway.
A doctrine of neutrality, on the assumption that there would be no need to bring Norway into a war if it remained neutral. These three factors met resistance as tensions grew in Europe in the 1930s, initially from Norwegian military staff and right-wing political groups, but increasingly also from individuals within the mainstream political establishment and, it has since come to light, by the king, behind the scenes. Although neutrality remained the highest priority until the invasion was a fait accompli, it was known throughout the government that Norway, above all, did not want to be at war with Britain. On April 28th, 1939 Nazi Germany offered Norway and several other countries non-aggression pacts. The government was also increasingly pressured by Britain to direct ever larger parts of its massive merchant fleet to transport British goods at low rates, as well as to join the trade blockade against Germany. Norwegian ports: Narvik, Trondheim, Bergen and Stavanger.
German infantry attacking through a burning Norwegian village, April 1940. King Haakon and crown prince Olav seeking refuge as the German Luftwaffe bombs Molde, April 1940. German troops enter Oslo, May 1940. In the background is the Victoria Terrasse, which later became the headquarters of the Gestapo. A major storm on 7 April resulted in the British Navy failing to make material contact with the German shipping. Consistent with Blitzkrieg warfare, German forces attacked Norway by sea and air as Operation Weserübung was put into action.
The first wave of German attackers counted only about 10,000 men. Blücher transported the forces that would ensure control of the political apparatus in Norway, and the sinking and death of over 1,000 soldiers and crew, delayed the Germans, so that the King and government had the chance to escape from Oslo. In the other cities that were attacked, the Germans faced only weak or no resistance. At the same time, a single parachute battalion took the Oslo and Stavanger airfields, and 800 operational aircraft overwhelmed the Norwegian population. Oslo’s effective resistance to the seaborne forces was nullified when German troops from the airfield entered the city.