The review on the prevalence and risk of violence against children with disabilities, published in July 2012, found that overall children with disabilities are almost four times more likely to experience children with disabilities English language than non-disabled children. The review indicated that children with disabilities are 3.
7 times more likely than non-disabled children to be victims of any sort of violence, 3. 6 times more likely to be victims of physical violence, and 2. The systematic review on violence against adults with disabilities, published in February 2012, found that overall they are 1. 5 times more likely to be a victim of violence than those without a disability, while those with mental health conditions are at nearly four times the risk of experiencing violence. Dr Etienne Krug, Director of WHO’s Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability. We know that specific strategies exist to prevent violence and mitigate its consequences.
We now need to determine if these also work for children and adults with disabilities. Factors which place people with disabilities at higher risk of violence include stigma, discrimination, and ignorance about disability, as well as a lack of social support for those who care for them. Placement of people with disabilities in institutions also increases their vulnerability to violence. In these settings and elsewhere, people with communication impairments are hampered in their ability to disclose abusive experiences. Dr Mark Bellis, Director of the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University, a WHO Collaborating Centre for Violence Prevention, and lead researcher on the review. This research establishes that the risk of violence to children with disabilities is routinely three to four times higher than that to non-disabled children.