This article is about the Russian Republic of Kalmykia. Competitions on drawing for children 2018 Novosibirsk the original homeland of the Kalmyks, see Dzungaria. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 289,481. Kalmykia is the only region in Europe where Buddhism is the most practiced religion, with Buddhists being the plurality of the population.
Elista, the capital of the republic, has of late, gained an international reputation for international chess competitions. A small stretch of the Volga River flows through eastern Kalmykia. Other major rivers include the Yegorlyk, the Kuma, and the Manych. Kalmykia’s natural resources include coal, oil, and natural gas. The republic’s wildlife includes the saiga antelope, whose habitat is protected in Chyornye Zemli Nature Reserve. Kalmykia has a cold semi-desert climate, with hot and dry summers and cold winters with little snow. The small town Utta is the hottest place in the whole of Russia.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Map of the Republic of Kalmykia. According to the Kurgan hypothesis, the upland regions of modern-day Kalmykia formed part of the cradle of Indo-European culture. The territory of Kalmykia is unique in that it has been the home in successive periods to many major world religions and ideologies. Prehistoric paganism and shamanism gave way to Judaism with the Khazars.
This section does not cite any sources. The ancestors of the Kalmyks, the Oirats, migrated from the steppes of southern Siberia on the banks of the Irtysh River to the Lower Volga region. Various reasons have been given for the move, but the generally accepted answer is that the Kalmyks sought abundant pastures for their herds. The Kalmyks settled in the wide open steppes from Saratov in the north to Astrakhan on the Volga delta in the south and to the Terek River in the southwest. They also encamped on both sides of the Volga River, from the Don River in the west to the Ural River in the east. Within twenty-five years of settling in the lower Volga region, the Kalmyks became subjects of the Tsar. In exchange for protecting Russia’s southern border, the Kalmyks were promised an annual allowance and access to the markets of Russian border settlements.