Half of all mental illnesses begin by the age of 14 and three-quarters by mid-20s. Neuropsychiatric conditions are the leading cause of disability in young people in all regions. If untreated, these conditions severely influence children’s development, their educational conditions of mental development of the child and their potential to live fulfilling and productive lives.
Disorders is available for pilot testing in countries. 2020, adopted by the 66th World Health Assembly, provides a framework for strengthening capacities in countries to address the mental health needs of children and adolescents. The Department encourages the adoption of a life-cycle approach in implementation of mental health policies and strategies. World Health Assembly during its 67th session in May 2014. The Lancet’s new Series, Advancing Early Childhood Development: from Science to Scale.
An overwhelming majority of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities are living in poverty, poor physical health, and are subject to human rights violations. Mental health issues cannot be considered in isolation from other areas of development, such as education, employment, emergency responses and human rights capacity building. Development stakeholders – including governments, civil society, bilateral development agencies, research institutions and others – need to ensure that people with mental and psychosocial disabilities benefit from development efforts, just like any other group. People with mental and psychosocial disabilities are a vulnerable group as a result of the way they are treated by society. They are subjected to stigma and discrimination on a daily basis, and they experience extremely high rates of physical and sexual victimization. Frequently, people with mental disabilities encounter restrictions in the exercise of their political and civil rights, and in their ability to participate in public affairs.
Vulnerable groups often targeted by development groups also have high rates of mental disabilities. People with mental disabilities are not only missed by development programmes, but can be actively excluded from these programmes. This is in spite of the fact that an explicit goal of development is to reach the most vulnerable. A number of principles and actions, consistent with the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities, will substantially improve the lives of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities and thus improve development outcomes for these individuals, their families, and their communities. These evidence-based strategies should be integrated into national development and sectoral strategies and plans. Mental health services should be integrated systematically into all health services including primary level care.
Mental health issues should be integrated into broader health policies, programmes, and partnerships. Mental health should be included in services during and after emergencies. Mental health issues should be taken into account within social services and housing development. Mental health issues should be mainstreamed into education, and children with mental and psychosocial disabilities should be supported to access schooling. Employment and income generating opportunities must be created for people with mental and psychosocial disabilities. Human rights should be strengthened by developing policies and laws that protect the rights of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities.
There should be investment in developing the capacity of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities to participate in public affairs, including the support of service user-led movements. Development actors should create mechanisms to involve people with mental and psychosocial disabilities in decision-making processes. Contact details Mental health policy and service development Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, WHO Geneva. How can I support WHO MIND?
Call the Mental Health Helpline at 1-866-531-2600 or find your local CMHA branch. Mental health and physical health are fundamentally linked. People living with a serious mental illness are at higher risk of experiencing a wide range of chronic physical conditions. Conversely, people living with chronic physical health conditions experience depression and anxiety at twice the rate of the general population. Introduction Mental health and physical health are fundamentally linked. Co-existing mental and physical conditions can diminish quality of life and lead to longer illness duration and worse health outcomes.