Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just count to 100 in English for children to make sure you’re not a robot. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. This section does not cite any sources. 28 April 1842 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, a suburb of Paris.
A member of the French royal family, Gaston belonged to the House of Orléans, a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, that in turn belonged to the Capetian Dynasty. He was a first cousin once removed of both the British Monarch Queen Victoria and of her husband Albert, Prince Consort, through his mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The prince received a refined education under Julio Gauthier and the historian Auguste Trognon. He learned several foreign languages, which included Latin, English, German and Portuguese. His grandfather abdicated during the Revolution of 1848. Only five years old at the time, Gaston followed the king and his family who went into exile in Great Britain, establishing themselves in an old mansion at Claremont, in the southern region of England.
In 1855, at the age of 13, Gaston began his military career in an artillery course, concluding in the Military School of Segovia, Spain, where he became a captain. He had moved to Spain, after following his uncle, Antoine, the Duke of Montpensier’s orientation. Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, c. After years with problems on the border with Morocco caused by constant attacks on Spanish cities by Moroccan pirates, Spain declared war on Morocco. The young Gaston was sent as a subordinate officer to participate in the conflict on the side of the Spanish forces.
A few years later, his uncle, King Ferdinand II of Portugal proposed that he should marry one of the two daughters of the Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. He agreed to accept the proposal, but only after meeting the princesses. In 1892, Alfredo d’Escragnolle, the viscount of Taunay, gave his opinion regarding the two cousins when they first arrived in Brazil. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Gaston and Isabel were travelling in Europe on their honeymoon when Paraguayan forces invaded the Brazilian provinces of Mato Grosso and Rio Grande Do Sul. Uruguaiana had been conquered by the Paraguayan army. The Conde d’Eu, and the Emperor, Pedro II of Brazil, joined President Bartolomé Mitre of Argentina in the Siege of Uruguaiana, which ended 18 September 1865. In his memoirs, the Visconde of Taunay wrote of his experience in the Paraguayan War, along with observances of his fellow soldiers. While Gaston showed in all occasions a great interest for the things of Brazil, observing, asking, visiting all the places and going after correct and accurate information, while the other did not show anything except for indifference and lack of ambition. On two different occasions throughout the conflict, Gaston sent requests to the Emperor asking him to authorize his participation in the war against Paraguay. The Council of State declined his request.
The rationale was a strategic act, believing that the presence of a prince in the conflict would escalate the desire to conquer their country’s territories. On 22 March 1869, Gaston was assigned to lead as commander-in-chief of the allied armies, after the Marquis of Caxias renounced that position. This delegation of authority was based on the prestige as an officer of high rank, as well as his reputation and well-known capacity in military action. The choice of Gaston as the new commander-in-chief, at the age of 27, brought joy to the Brazilian public.
During this time, the opinion of a great number of Brazilian citizens believed that the conflict and continued hunt for Francisco Solano López the Paraguayan dictator, was futile and unnecessary. He used diversified tactics to deceive the Paraguayan army about how and where the allied army would carry its attacks. In the opinion of the Viscount of Taunay, Gaston showed “great strategical ability, cool temper, patience of an experienced leader and unquestionable courage. Gaston suffered heavy criticism after he discovered that the brigadier João Manuel Mena Barreto had died in the battle that resulted in the conquest of the village of Peribuí. He was also criticized for ordering the decapitation of colonel Pablo Caballero and Patricio Marecos, head politician of the village.
The painting represents the moment when the Count of Eu is unable to continue the attack against the Paraguayans by his aide-de-camp, Captain Almeida Castro, who holds the reins of the horse ridden by Gaston. After the 1960s, revisionist historians appeared, portraying the Gaston d’Orléans as a bloodthirsty mass murderer. Some historians, like Júlio Jose Chiavenato, accuse him of having committed war crimes and being most interested in engaging in war, if only to pursue López. Recently, it has been found that the memoirs say something completely different. There were bullets that still blew up in the field because of the fire in the grass that was started in the beginning of the battle by the Paraguayans to occult their tactical movement. Although initially disillusioned with the seeming lack of beauty of his wife, Gaston came to love her until the last days of his life, a feeling returned by Isabel. The birth of their son, Pedro, on 15 October 1875, brought much happiness for the couple, who for almost ten years had been unable to conceive.
Although crippled by a defect in the left arm caused by problems in childbirth, Pedro was a very healthy child and would be affectionately called “Baby” by his parents, even as a young adult. Their third child was a son, Luiz de Orléans e Bragança, born 26 January 1878 and named after Gaston’s father. Some years later, this child became Isabel’s heir, after his elder brother renounced his succession to the throne. The Count was a very simple person and tried to pass this characteristic on to his children.