Zumba is an exercise fitness program created by Colombian dancer and choreographer Dance training video lessons for beginners children “Beto” Perez during the 1990s. Zumba is a trademark owned by Zumba Fitness, LLC.
Zumba involves dance and aerobic movements performed to energetic music. Zumba was founded in the mid-1990s by Perez in Cali, Colombia. In 2001, Perez partnered with Alberto Perlman and Alberto Aghion, and the trio released a series of fitness videos sold via infomercial. An instructor coaches a Zumba class in a fitness center. Zumba classes are typically about an hour long and are taught by instructors licensed by Zumba Fitness, LLC.
In one Zumba class, a person can burn up to 600 calories, depending on the energy put forth. There are nine types of classes, for different levels of age and exertion. Zumba Gold is a program designed for beginners and older people. Zumba Step is a lower-body workout that incorporates Zumba routines and step aerobics with Latin dance rhythms. Zumba Toning is for people who do their workouts with toning sticks. It targets the abs, thighs, arms, and other muscles throughout the body. This type of Zumba class provides participants with a cardio workout and strength training.
Aqua Zumba classes are held in a swimming pool. The instructor leads the class poolside while participants follow in shallow water. Moves have been specially adapted to combine the same dance movements used in a Zumba Fitness class with those used in aqua fitness classes. Zumba in the Circuit combines dance with circuit training.
These classes usually last 30 minutes and feature strength exercises on various stations in timed intervals. Zumba Kids and Zumba Kids Jr. Zumba Gold-Toning is a toning class for older participants with goals of improving muscle strength, posture, mobility, and coordination. Zumba Sentao is a chair workout that focuses on using body weight to strengthen and tone the body.
Strong by Zumba was launched in 2016. This specialty combines high intensity interval training with Synced Music Motivation. DVDs to assist with the creation of music and choreography for their personal Zumba classes. Because Zumba offers different options, proponents of the Zumba program claim that it is safe for all ages, meaning that anyone from age 0 to 100 can participate in this form of aerobic exercise. At least some of the classes are specifically aimed at elderly people, to help them build strength, improve motion and posture, and socialize. In August 2017, Zumba was banned in Iran for being un-Islamic even though many many activities are banned in Iran on human rights grounds. The annual ZINcon happens in the US, where Zumba instructors from all over the world are reunited and attend master classes, specialty training, and a Zumba concert.
In January 2015, the first Zumba Cruise took place. In addition to the Annual Zumba Convention, Zumba also holds a number of shorter one-day Academies where instructors can meet and attend master classes and rhythm sessions. These events are held in cities globally. In 2005, the Zumba Academy was launched to license instructors for teaching Zumba classes. Zumba sold DVDs via infomercials in 2002.