This article is about the speech delayed speech development in children 3. In its profound form it is automatic and effortless. Researchers observed the daily repetitions of an autistic six-year-old in order to examine the differences between triggers for delayed versus immediate echolalia. Researchers further distinguished immediate echos by the sequential context in which they occur: after corrections, after directives, or in indiscernible sequential positions.
Although echolalia can be an impairment, the symptoms can involve a large selection of underlying meanings and behaviors across and within subjects. Examples of mitigated echolalia are pronoun changes or syntax corrections. In mitigated echolalia some language processing is occurring. Mitigated echolalia can be seen in dyspraxia and aphasia of speech. The researchers stated that the young patient’s repetition was occurring at approximately the same tempo as his normal speech rate. Echolalia can be an indicator of communication disorders in autism, but is neither unique to, nor synonymous with syndromes. In transcortical sensory aphasia, echolalia is common, with the patient incorporating another person’s words or sentences into his or her own response.
While these patients lack language comprehension, they are still able to read. Echolalia can be the result of left hemisphere damage. In specific damage to the frontal lobe of the left hemisphere has been linked to effortful echolalia. Cases of echolalia have appeared after lesions of the left medial frontal lobe and supplemental motor areas. Echolalia is common in young children who are first learning to speak.
Echolalia is a form of imitation. In the past, echolalia was regarded as negative, non-functional behavior. However, researchers such as Barry Prizant and colleagues have emphasized the communicative function of echolalia. The use of echolalia in task response to facilitate generalization is an area that holds much promise. Research in this area is certainly needed. Charlop performed a series of task experiments with autistic children.
TS are mainly echoes from within their own “tic repertoire”. A symptom of some children with ASD is the struggle to produce spontaneous speech. Studies have shown that in some cases echolalia is used as a coping mechanism allowing a person with autism to contribute to a conversation when unable to produce spontaneous speech. Uta Frith, Prizant and others have interpreted echolalia as evidence of “gestalt” processing in children with autism, including in the acquisition of language. A Greek – English Lexicon, on Perseus. Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnosis, Development, Neurobiology, and Behavior. Effects of high and low constraint utterances on the production of immediate and delayed echolalia in young children with autism”.