Please forward this error screen to diagnostic methods for children. Corresponding author: Hasan Karami, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Bouali Sina Hospital, Pasdaran bulevard, Sari, Mazandaran Province, IR Iran.
To Cite: Karami H, Kianifar H R, Karami S. Cholelithiasis in Children: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach, J Pediatr Rev. The prevalence of cholelithiasis in children has been reported to be 0. Results: A total of 36 out of 93 articles were reviewed. The results showed that the prevalence of childhood cholelithiasis varies in different communities, with a global rate of 1.
Most cases of cholelithiasis in children were associated with underlying diseases. Hemolytic diseases, hereditary blood disorders, and cirrhosis were among the main causes of cholelithiasis in children. Cholelithiasis is sometimes diagnosed in patients incidentally or as silent stones. Evaluation of the causes of cholelithiasis and utilization of a proper therapeutic method are among the challenges of cholelithiasis management in children. Epidemiological studies have indicated the involvement of genetic factors in the formation of cholelithiasis.
The effect of a gene on incontinentia pigmenti chromosome has been confirmed in the formation of cholelithiasis. The first report of cholelithiasis in children was presented by Gibson in 1737. The prevalence of cholelithiasis in children is variable, with a global rate of 1. Hemolytic causes appear mostly in one- to five-year-old children.