Easily direct instruction newspaper article, save and share what you find with family and friends. Easily download and save what you find. Please forward this error screen to 64. Education in Tanzania is provided both by the public sector and the private sector.
Each child who is not less than five years of age is eligible for enrollment for pre-primary education for a period of two years. Government primary schools teach in Swahili and English in the English medium based schools . A number of private primary schools, with substantial attendance fees, teach in English. It is compulsory for every child who has reached the age of seven years to be enrolled for primary education. Primary school tuition in public schools was eliminated in 2002, but families still must pay for school supplies. Free tuition has led to a massive increase in the number of children enrolled in primary schools, from 4,839,361 in 2001 to 7,959,884 in 2006 to 8,410,000 in 2008.
This increase has not been accompanied by a proportional increase in resources for teachers, classrooms, and books. In 2006, the gross primary enrollment rate was 110. The “gross primary enrollment rate” is the ratio of the total number of students attending primary school to the official primary school-age population. The Tanzania Institute of Education is the main body responsible for developing the curriculum.
It prepares programmes, syllabi, and pedagogical materials such as handbooks and laboratory manuals. The curriculum is composed of twelve subjects: Kiswahili, mathematics, science, geography, civics, history, English language, vocational subjects, French, religion, information and communication technology, and school sports. Except for eight schools, Kiswahili in 2010 was the medium of instruction in the 15,816 public primary schools nationwide. In contrast, English was the medium of instruction in 539 of the 551 registered private primary schools. Until 1973, a student was required to pass the National Standard IV Exams to continue to Standard V. The exams are still given even though passing is no longer required.
Under current law, a student must pass the Primary School Leaving Examination at the end of Standard VII to receive a primary school certificate and be eligible to attend public secondary school. 999,070 students who sat for these exams received passing marks. The Tanzanian government’s commitment to education as an integral part of its social and economic development started shortly after independence. Before independence, educational access was very restricted.
The Arusha Declaration was followed in 1967 by the policy document “Education for Self-Reliance”, in which education was assigned a seminal role in the transformation of Tanzania to an African socialist society. Despite subsequent progress from the economic reform efforts of the late 1980s and 1990s, social indicators were stagnating, including progress towards UPE. In 1995, the Ministry of Education prepared an Education and Training Master Plan. 2 January 2002 and ran to 2009. 50 million contribution by the Netherlands.
After Form 4, a certificate is issued to all passing the Certificate of Secondary Education Examinations. Passing the Standard VII exam is not a requirement to continue education, but anyone who fails is not selected to join a government secondary school. This creates a substantial market for private schools. Some private schools cater to the economically privileged who wish for better school resources, additional courses such as computer training, and smaller class sizes.