Easily clip, save and share what you find with family and friends. Easily download and save what you find. Mikhail Okhitovich was a singular figure in Soviet architecture of the 20’s and 30’s. Mikhail Okhitovich was a singular drawing boards for children in city Moscow in Soviet architecture of the 20’s and 30’s.
Through a trasportation, energy and communication grid crossing the nation, clusters of glass cubicles and mobile homes, the Disubanist would have scattered single family houses across the countryside. They sought to eliminate urban agglomeration in central cities and create new, self-sufficient settlements containing fewer than 50, 20, or even three residents. Disurbanism rejection for the conventional centralized city as a capitalist social formation. Instead of large collectivist dwellings they sought for the development of individual personality under socialism. A birth could be accomodated with more pods, while separations didn’t have the disadvantages of space and property since a divorced couple could simply go separate ways by uncoupling pod-houses. Plans, pragmatism and people: The legacy of Soviet planning for today’s cities. Terror in Soviet Architecture: The Murder of Mikhail Okhitovich Slavic Review Vol.
Architectural Drawings of the Russian Avant-Garde. It is necessary to reassess the nature of the possible in accordance with the requirements of the epoch. Under present conditions, with public servicing and utilities whose cost is proportional to the width of the plot, the dwelling has had to be built upwards and backwards, and it must be constructed of strong and durable materials on solid foundations. Does it emerge that the crowded town is the inevitable result of the technical and economic possibilities?
Does it emerge that all other solutions to the problem are technically or economically impossible? It is an economic and cultural complex. The planning of an industrial enterprise can now reflect the possibilities of conveyor belt production on the scale of the whole national economy, and eventually of the whole world economy. The exceptional growth in the strength, quality, quantity, and speed of the means of mechanical transport now permits separation from centers: space is here measured by time. And this time is itself beginning to be shortened. The revolution in transportation, the automobilization of the territory, reverses all the usual arguments about the inevitability of congestion and the crowding together of buildings and apartments. We ask ourselves, where will we resettle all the urban population and enterprises?
Answer: not according to the principle of crowding, but according to the principle of maximum freedom, ease and speed of communications possibilities. All these linked functions make up a single organizational complex. But the city was also a complex. Having destroyed one form of the city, will we not be creating a new city? If you like a quarrel about terminology, let this complex be a city. Let us call it, shall we say, the Red city of the planet of communism.
If one talks about the essence, then this new complex will be called not a point, a place, or a city, but a process, and this process will be called disurbanization. Disurbanization is the process of centrifugal force and repulsion. Disurbanism let Le Corbusier in a state of dismay. I am leaving Moscow this evening. I have been asked to write a report on the recent competition for the Green Town of Moscow.
I haven’t done so, not wanting to present a judgment on the work of colleagues. Western theoreticians and wasted a lot of the time of governing boards of industries — a fundamental misunderstanding that everything opposes and refutes. Last evening, in the Kremlin, in the office of Mr. Lejawa, the vice-president of the USSR, Mr. Miliutin, one of the commissars of the people, had a thought of Lenin translated for me that, far from supporting the thesis of deurbanization, on the contrary confirms the necessity of urban reform. If one wants to save the peasant, one must take industry to the country. Men feel the need to get together — always, in all countries and climates.