Order For Merit to the Fatherland II cl. Russian general, inventor, military engineer and small arms designer. Kalashnikov was, according to himself, a self-taught drawing for children Izhevsk who combined innate mechanical skills with the study of weaponry to design arms that achieved battlefield ubiquity. Even though Kalashnikov felt sorrow at the weapons’ uncontrolled distribution, he took pride in his inventions and in their reputation for reliability, emphasizing that his rifle is “a weapon of defense” and “not a weapon for offense”.
After completing seventh grade, Mikhail, with his stepfather’s permission, left his family and returned to Kurya, hitchhiking for nearly 1,000 km. In Kurya he found a job in mechanics at a tractor station and developed a passion for weaponry. In 1938, he was conscripted into the Red Army. Seeing the drawbacks of the standard infantry weapons at the time, he decided to construct a new rifle for the Soviet military.
During this time Kalashnikov began designing a submachine gun. Although his first submachine gun design was not accepted into service, his talent as a designer was noticed. In 1944, he designed a gas-operated carbine for the new 7. From 1949, Mikhail Kalashnikov lived and worked in Izhevsk, Udmurtia. Over the course of his career, he evolved the basic design into a weapons family.
It is cartridge belt-fed, not magazine-fed, as it is intended to provide heavy sustained fire from a tripod mount, or be used as a light, bipod-mounted weapon. Approximately 100 million AK-47 assault rifles had been produced by 2009, and about half of them are counterfeit, manufactured at a rate of about a million per year. Kalashnikov himself claimed he was always motivated by service to his country rather than money, and made no direct profit from weapon production. During a visit to the United States in the early 2000s, Kalashnikov was invited to tour a Virginia holding site for the forthcoming American Wartime Museum. The former tanker Kalashnikov became visibly moved at the sight of his old tank in action, painted with his name in Cyrillic. After a prolonged illness Kalashnikov was hospitalized on 17 November 2013, in an Udmurtian medical facility in Izhevsk, the capital of Udmurtia and where he lived.
He died 23 December 2013, at age 94 from gastric hemorrhage. The patriarch wrote back, thanked Kalashnikov, and said that he “was an example of patriotism and a correct attitude toward the country”. Kirill added about the design responsibility for the deaths by the rifle, “the church has a well-defined position when the weapon is defense of the Motherland, the Church supports its creators and the military, which use it. He became one of the first people buried in the Federal Military Memorial Cemetery. He completed two grades of parochial school and could read and write. In 1930, the government labeled Timofey Aleksandrovich a kulak, confiscated his property, and deported him to Siberia, along with most of the family. Anna and son Victor, were already married by 1930, and remained in Kuriya.
After her husband’s death in 1930, Aleksandra Frolovna married Efrem Kosach, a widower who had three children of his own. Mikhail Kalashnikov married twice, the first time to Ekaterina Danilovna Astakhova of Altai Krai. She was an engineer and did much technical drawing work for her husband. The title to the AK-47 trademark belonged to Mikhail Kalashnikov’s family until 4 April 2016, when the Kalashnikov Concern won a lawsuit to invalidate the registration of the trademark. The Russian Medal of Small Arms Maker was introduced in 2008 and named after Kalashnikov. During his career, Kalashnikov designed about 150 models of small weapons.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Mikhail Kalashnikov on a 2014 stamp of the Russian Post. Recipients of the Order of St. On 7 November 2014 a statue of Kalashnikov was unveiled at the Russian 102nd Military Base in Gyumri, Armenia. Armenian Defense Minister Seyran Ohanyan attended the opening ceremony. Kalashnikov was unveiled in Garden Ring, central Moscow. A protester, later detained by police, attempted to unfurl a banner reading “a creator of weapons is a creator of death”.