It is not to be confused with Online machine learning. Educational technology is “the study and ethical educational basic educational program of preschool education of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources”. Educational technology is the use of both physical hardware and educational theoretics.
It encompasses several domains including learning theory, computer-based training, online learning, and where mobile technologies are used, m-learning. Educational technology as the theory and practice of educational approaches to learning. Educational technology as technological tools and media that assist in the communication of knowledge, and its development and exchange. An educational technologist is someone who is trained in the field of educational technology. Educational technologists try to analyze, design, develop, implement, and evaluate process and tools to enhance learning. Richey defined educational technology as “the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources”. Early 20th century abacus used in a Danish elementary school.
Given this definition, educational technology is an inclusive term for both the material tools and the theoretical foundations for supporting learning and teaching. Educational technology is not restricted to high technology. However, modern electronic educational technology is an important part of society today. Each of these numerous terms has had its advocates, who point up potential distinctive features. Fiedler’s review of the literature found a complete lack agreement of the components of a personal learning environment. In practice, as technology has advanced, the particular “narrowly defined” terminological aspect that was initially emphasized by name has blended into the general field of educational technology. Educational content, pervasively embedded in objects, is all around the learner, who may not even be conscious of the learning process.
Helping people and children learn in ways that are easier, faster, more accurate, or less expensive can be traced back to the emergence of very early tools, such as paintings on cave walls. Various types of abacus have been used. Slide projectors were widely used during the 1950s in educational institutional settings. Cuisenaire rods were devised in the 1920s and saw widespread use from the late 1950s. In the mid 1960s Stanford University psychology professors Patrick Suppes and Richard C.
Online education originated from the University of Illinois in 1960. Although internet would not be created for another nine years, students were able to access class information with linked computer terminals. The first online course was offered in 1986 by the Electronic University Network for DOS and Commodore 64 computers. In 1971, Ivan Illich published a hugely influential book called, Deschooling Society, in which he envisioned “learning webs” as a model for people to network the learning they needed. By the mid-1980s, accessing course content became possible at many college libraries.