Georgian is a South Caucasian or Kartvelian language spoken by about 4. 1 million people mainly in Georgia, and also in Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Iran. Georgian is thought to share a common ancestral language with the other South Caucasian languages. Svan is believed to have split from this language during the 2nd millenium BC, and the other languages split up around english alphabets pictures,000 years later.
Written Georgian The Georgian language first appeared in writing in about 430 AD in an inscription in a church in Palestine in an alphabet known as Asomtavruli. The Georgian language first appeared in writing in about 430 AD in an inscription in a church in Palestine. The Mkhedruli alphabet developed from Nuskhuri between the 11th and 13th centuries. The name Mkhedruli comes from the word mkhedari which means ‘of horseman’. At first Mkhedruli was used only for secular writing, while for religious writings a mixture of the two older alphabets was used.
Eventually Nuskhuri became the main alphabet for religious texts and Asomtavruli was used only for titles and for the first letters of sentences. Eventually the two older alphabets fell out of use and Mkhedruli became the sole alphabet used to write Georgian. Asomtavruli alphabet are used to mark proper names and the beginning of sentences. Shanidze’s attempt to popularise such usage met with little success. The first printed material in the Mkhedruli alphabet, a Georgian-Italian dictionary, was published in 1629 in Rome.