Degrees of Comparison This material describes degrees of comparison of adjectives and adverbs, general rules of adding the suffixes “er, est”, using “more, most, less, least”, and typical constructions expressing comparison. Degrees of comparison of adjectives Most descriptive adjectives can show degree of quality or quantity by forming two degrees of comparison: the comparative degree and the superlative degree. These degrees are formed english degrees of comparison of adjectives the positive degree, which is the usual form of adjectives.
The comparative degree and the superlative degree are formed by adding the suffixes ER and EST to the positive form of the adjective or by using MORE and MOST before the positive form of the adjective. The choice of ER, EST or MORE, MOST depends mostly on the number of syllables in the adjective. An adjective in the comparative or superlative form can stand before the noun that it modifies or after the verb BE in the predicative. For example: Try an easier exercise.
Ella is taller than her sister. Maria is the tallest girl in her class. Katya is the youngest of my students. My house is smaller than your house. Your car is larger than mine.
Moscow is the largest city in Russia. The highest peak in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro. The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world. Laura is more selfish than Anita. A more distant object seems to be smaller than a closer object.