Breastfeeding is one of the most effective ways to ensure child health and survival. WHO actively promotes breastfeeding as the best source of nourishment for infants and young children. This fact file explores the many benefits of the practice, and how strong support to mothers can increase breastfeeding worldwide. It gives infants all features of development of children 4 nutrients they need for healthy development.
It is safe and contains antibodies that help protect infants from common childhood illnesses such as diarrhoea and pneumonia, the two primary causes of child mortality worldwide. It reduces risks of breast and ovarian cancer, type II diabetes, and postpartum depression. Adolescents and adults who were breastfed as babies are less likely to be overweight or obese. They are less likely to have type-II diabetes and perform better in intelligence tests. When infant formula is not properly prepared, there are risks arising from the use of unsafe water and unsterilized equipment or the potential presence of bacteria in powdered formula. Malnutrition can result from over-diluting formula to “stretch” supplies.
HIV-exposed infant reduces the risk of transmission. Together, breastfeeding and ARVs have the potential to significantly improve infants’ chances of surviving while remaining HIV uninfected. Many routine practices, such as separation of mother and baby, use of newborn nurseries, and supplementation with infant formula, actually make it harder for mothers and babies to breastfeed. Mothers need a safe, clean and private place in or near their workplace to continue breastfeeding. Foods for the baby can be specially prepared or modified from family meals. Breastfeeding in the 21st Century: Epidemiology, Mechanisms and Lifelong Effect. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
The treatment in the “Language” sections in this article deals specifically with a child’s acquisition of the English language and does not represent a worldwide view of the subject. This article needs additional citations for verification. Views of a Foetus in the Womb detail. Child development stages are the theoretical milestones of child development, some of which are asserted in nativist theories. This article discusses the most widely accepted developmental stages in children.
Holistic development sees the child in the round, as a whole person – physically, emotionally, intellectually, socially, morally, culturally and spiritually. Learning about child development involves studying patterns of growth and development, from which guidelines for ‘normal’ development are construed. Developmental norms are sometimes called milestones – they define the recognised pattern of development that children are expected to follow. One way to identify pervasive developmental disorders is if infants fail to meet the development milestones in time or at all. When held upright, holds head erect and steady.
Serves to practice emerging visual skills. Begins to jump with both feet. Supinate grasping position usually seen as first grasping position utilized. Be able to recognise their favourite songs, and will try to join in. Most children with autism are diagnosed at this age. Between 4 and 6 years, the classic tripod grip develops and is made more efficient. Skips on both feet and hops.
At this age onto age 7, adult muscle activation pattern in walking is complete. Leads to head control and trunk coordination while walking, by at least age 8. Head and chest circumference are nearly equal to the part of the abdomen. Head circumference increases approximately 2 cm per month until two months, then increases 1.