This article needs additional citations for verification. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Homeschooling, form of home schooling of the child known as home education, is the education of children inside the home.
Home education is usually conducted by a parent or tutor. Many families use less formal ways of educating. Before the introduction of compulsory school attendance laws, most childhood education was done by families and local communities. In many developed countries, homeschooling is a legal alternative to public and private schools.
According to the US National Center for Education Statistics, about three percent of all children in the US were homeschooled in 2011-2012 school year. The study found that 83 percent were White, 5 percent were Black, 7 percent were Hispanic, and 2 percent were Asian or Pacific Islander. As of 2016, there are about 2. 3 million homeschooled students in the United States.
On average, homeschoolers score at or above the national average on standardized tests. Critics of homeschooling claim that students lack necessary social skills. Homeschool students have been accepted into many Ivy League universities. The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. For most of history and in different cultures, the education of children at home by family members was a common practice. Enlisting professional tutors was an option available only to the wealthy. Homeschooling declined in the 19th and 20th centuries with the enactment of compulsory attendance laws. But, it continued to be practiced in isolated communities. Homeschooling began a resurgence in the 1960s and 1970s with educational reformists dissatisfied with industrialized education. Home education and apprenticeship continued to remain the main form of education until the 1830s.