German nationality law is the law governing the acquisition, transmission and loss of German citizenship. The law is based on a mixture of the principles of german language for children 5 years sanguinis and jus soli. 1999, and came into force on 1 January 2000. The reformed law makes it somewhat easier for foreigners resident in Germany on a long-term basis, and especially their children born in Germany, to acquire German citizenship.
The previous German nationality law dated from 1913. Nazism by an Allied occupational ordinance during WWII in 1945. German citizenship, either derived from the citizenship of one of the component states or acquired through the central Reich government. Under the Third Reich, in 1934, the German nationality law was amended to abolish separate state citizenships and creating a uniform Reich citizenship, with the central Reich authorities having power to grant or withdraw German nationality. On 13 March 1938 the German nationality law was extended to Austria following the Anschluss which annexed Austria to Germany. On 27 April 1945, after the defeat of Nazism, Austria was re-established and conferred Austrian citizenship on all persons who would have been Austrian on that date had the pre-1938 nationality law of Austria remained in force. The Nazi amendments of 1934 and the Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were revoked by Allied occupational ordinance in 1945, restoring the 1913 nationality law, which remained in force until the 1999 reforms.
German ethnic origin or as the spouse or descendant of such a person. Nazi government, to be renaturalised if they wish. Those among them, who after May 8, 1945 take up residence in Germany are automatically considered German citizens. Poles and Israelis, residing in Poland and Israel, to be concurrently German citizens.
Germany for at least eight years. In order to retain German citizenship, such children are required to take affirmative measures by age 23, after which their German citizenship otherwise expires. These requirements are fulfilled in the vast majority of cases. If they are not fulfilled, the applicant can alternatively prove that he or she does not hold any foreign citizenship other than in a European Union member nation or a nation such as Morocco, Nigeria, or Iran whose domestic law provides that its citizenship cannot be lost. Parents who are citizens of European Economic Area states or Switzerland are eligible to receive permanent resident permits after five years. A person born of a parent with German citizenship at the time of the child’s birth is a German citizen. Place of birth is not a factor in citizenship determination based on parentage.
Those born after 1 January 1975 are Germans if the mother or father is a German citizen. Those born before 1 January 1975 could normally only claim German citizenship from the father and not the mother. German mother applied for the child to be registered as German on or before 31 December 1977. Special rules exist for those born before 1 July 1993 if only the father is German and is not married to the mother. The father must acknowledge paternity and must have married the mother before 1 July 1998. The German parent registers the child’s birth within one year of birth to the responsible German agency abroad. In case both parents are German citizens, German citizenship will not be passed on automatically, if both parents were born abroad after 31 December 1999 and have their primary residence outside Germany.
Exceptions are same as the above. Those born in Germany and adopted to a foreign country would need to contact their local German Consulate for clarification of German citizenship. Persons who are Germans on the basis of descent from a German parent do not have to apply to retain German citizenship by age 23. If they acquire another citizenship at birth, they can usually continue to hold this. A child adopted by a German citizen becomes German national automatically if aged less than 18 on the date the application for adoption was made. Applicants for naturalisation are normally expected to prove they have renounced their existing nationality, or will lose this automatically upon naturalisation. A further exception applies to citizens of Switzerland and the European Union member states.
The spouse of a German citizen may be naturalised after 3 years of continual residency in Germany. The marriage must have persisted for at least 2 years. There are special provisions for victims of Nazi persecution and their descendants. Under Article 116 of Germany’s constitution, known as the Basic Law, anyone who had their German citizenship revoked during the Nazi regime for “political, racist, or religious reasons” may reobtain citizenship. The Article also includes the descendants of Nazi victims, and does not require them to give up the citizenship of their new home countries.