This article is about Bogor GKP for young children. For Bogor Regency, see Bogor Regency.
Bogor is one of the world’s most densely populated areas. It nearly always rains even during the dry season. A Dutch map showing the location of the Pakuan Pajajaran relatively to Buitenzorg. The first mentioning of a settlement at present Bogor dates to the 5th century when the area was part of Tarumanagara, one of the earliest states in Indonesian history. Over the next several centuries, Pakuan Pajajaran become one of the largest cities in medieval Indonesia with population reaching 48,000.
The name Pajajaran was then used for the entire kingdom, and the capital was simply called Pakuan. Since 1973, this date is celebrated in Bogor as an official city holiday. In 1579, Pakuan was captured and almost completely destroyed by the army of Sultanate of Banten, ceasing the existence of the State of Sunda. The formal transition occurred on 17 April 1684 by signing an agreement between the Crown Prince of Banten and the VOC. The first, and temporal, colonial settlement at Pakuan was a camp of lieutenant Tanoejiwa, a Sundanese employed by the VOC who was sent in 1687 to develop the area.