Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. Trained in medicine, he was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution. History of early years education in england Locke’s closest female friend was the philosopher Lady Damaris Cudworth Masham.
Before she married the two had exchanged love poems, and on his return from exile, Locke moved into Lady Damaris and her husband’s household. Between 1652 and 1667, John Locke was a student and then lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford, where he focused on the standard curriculum of logic, metaphysics and classics. He also studied medicine extensively and was an associate of Robert Hooke, Robert Boyle and other leading Oxford scientists. The two struck up a friendship that blossomed into full patronage, and a year later Locke was appointed physician to Shaftesbury’s household. For the next two decades, Locke’s fortunes were tied to Shaftesbury, who was first a leading minister to Charles II and then a founder of the opposing Whig party. When that failed, Shaftesbury began to plot armed resistance and was forced to flee to Holland in 1682.
In the six years following his return to England he published all of his most significant works. To discover truths beyond the realm of basic experience, Locke suggested an approach modeled on the rigorous methods of experimental science. Locke during his years at Shaftesbury’s side. Locke suggested that governments should respect freedom of religion except when the dissenting belief was a threat to public order. Locke spent his final 14 years in Essex at the home of Sir Francis Masham and his wife, the philosopher Lady Damaris Cudworth Masham.