Teaching a child to read is a fulfilling and educational process, both for the parent and child. Whether you home school your kids or just want to give how to teach child english child a head-start, you can begin teaching your child to read at home. With the right tools and tactics, your child will be reading in no time. Read to your child on a regular basis.
As with all things, it’s difficult to learn anything without exposure to it. In order to get your child interested in reading, you should be reading to them on a regular basis. If you’re able, this should start when they are an infant and continue through their school years. Try reading them books that might slightly challenge their comprehension level but that have an interesting or engaging story. Even before your child learns to read, they can learn reading comprehension.
As you read stories to them aloud, ask them questions about the characters or the plot. The questions can escalate in difficulty as the reading level does. It’s no good if you have books around, but located in places that your child can’t easily take them. Keep books low to the ground and in typical play-areas so that your child begins to associate them with play activities. Because your child may be touching and reading the books often, be sure to choose ones that have wipeable pages and that aren’t incredibly sentimental. A fancy bookshelf may seem like the most attractive option, but until your child is in school focus on the utilitarian purposes of book storage. Set up a reading space next to the bookshelf.
Set some beanbags, pillows, and comfy chairs around to sit in while reading. The top of the bookshelf can hold cups and snacks for having while reading. Show your child that reading is interesting and worthwhile by reading for yourself. Spend a minimum of ten minutes a day reading when your child is around, so that they see you enjoying the activity on your own.
Even if you’re not an avid reader, find something to read – a magazine, the newspaper, or a cookbook all count. This can be done in two ways: create your own mini-library at home by collecting dozens of books in your child’s reading level, or make weekly trips to the local public library together to check out books. Before you even start getting into the alphabet and sound specifics, help your child recognize that the lines on the page are directly correlated to the words you are speaking. As you read aloud to them, point to each word on the page at the same time you say it.
Some companies have advertised specialized flashcards to help babies, toddlers, and preschool age children to read. In general, flashcards are not the most useful or effective technique for teaching reading skills. Time spent reading stories with your child will be much more beneficial than flashcards. When your child has developed word awareness, begin breaking down words into individual letters. Although the alphabet song is the most classic means of teaching the alphabet, try getting creative. Explain each of the letters with their name, but don’t worry about trying to incorporate the sounds the letters make yet.
These are all interactive games that encourage development on multiple levels. One of the most important steps in teaching reading is associating a spoken sound with a letter or letter-pair. This process is known as phonemic awareness. See the aforementioned list for ideas, but substitute in sounds. It is easier for children to develop phonemic awareness when words are broken down into their smallest parts. Rhyming teaches phonemic awareness and letter recognition, in addition to the most basic English words. Read nursery rhymes to your child, and then eventually make lists of easy-to-read rhymes such as mop, top, flop, pop, and cop.