Injury prevention in children of early age

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The Injury and Violence Prevention Section works with state and local partners to help Michigan communities stop injuries and violence. Examples are broken bones, cuts, brain damage, spinal cord injury, poisoning and burns. Leading causes of death include: motor vehicle crashes, falls, and for infants less than 12 months of age, unsafe sleep environments. Violence can be physical, psychological or sexual. Examples are suicide, sexual assault, and bullying. E-license – Renew Health Professional License Online! Know what’s next when you read AAP Journals, view the new 2018 Catalog.

Trainees, enter the SOPT Essay Contest for a chance to be published in Pediatrics! Childhood Firearm Injuries in the United States Katherine A. AbstractOBJECTIVES: Examine fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among children aged 0 to 17 in the United States, including intent, demographic characteristics, trends, state-level patterns, and circumstances. METHODS: Fatal injuries were examined by using data from the National Vital Statistics System and nonfatal injuries by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Trends from 2002 to 2014 were tested using joinpoint regression analyses.

Incident characteristics and circumstances were examined by using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System. RESULTS: Nearly 1300 children die and 5790 are treated for gunshot wounds each year. Boys, older children, and minorities are disproportionately affected. Although unintentional firearm deaths among children declined from 2002 to 2014 and firearm homicides declined from 2007 to 2014, firearm suicides decreased between 2002 and 2007 and then showed a significant upward trend from 2007 to 2014. CONCLUSIONS: Firearm injuries are an important public health problem, contributing substantially to premature death and disability of children. Understanding their nature and impact is a first step toward prevention.

What’s Known on This Subject:Firearm-related deaths are the third leading cause of death overall among US children aged 1 to 17 years and the second leading cause of injury-related death. Previous studies examined selected outcomes or certain types of firearm injuries. What This Study Adds:This is the most comprehensive analysis of firearm-related deaths and injuries among US children to date, examining overall patterns, patterns by intent, trends over time, state-level patterns, and precipitating circumstances. These findings underscore the need for scientifically sound solutions. Recent evidence from the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence indicates that 4.

0 to 17 in the United States have witnessed a shooting in the past year. 1 Children across the United States also directly experience the fatal and nonfatal consequences of firearm violence. MethodsA firearm injury is defined as a gunshot wound or penetrating injury from a weapon that uses a powder charge to fire a projectile. New data were not collected for these analyses.

National Vital Statistics System, and were obtained via the CDC’s Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System. 11 NEISS is a stratified probability sample of US hospitals that have an ED and a minimum of 6 beds, representing large urban, suburban, rural, and children’s hospitals. 000 children were calculated by using US Census bridged-race population estimates. To derive the average annual number of nonfatal firearm injuries, national estimates for each year from 2012 to 2014 were summed and divided by 3. Similar calculations were made to derive the average annual number of firearm deaths by using unweighted data and annualized mortality rates. United States from a firearm-related injury, for an annual crude rate of 1. Firearm injuries have among the highest case fatality rates of most illnesses or injuries.

Which Children Are Most at Risk for a Firearm-Related Injury? The annual rate of firearm death for boys from 2012 to 2014 was 4. The magnitude of differences between older and younger children varies by intent. From 2012 to 2014, the average annual rate of nonfatal firearm injuries for boys was 12. Where Do Most Firearm Deaths Occur? 5-year period from 2010 to 2014.