It is easy to track a child’s physical growth, but not so easy to track his or her mental growth. The intellectual development of early childhood is divided into phases by the intellectual cognitive development of children psychologist, Piaget. Lets have a look at the definition and the stages as well in this article. What Is Intellectual Development In Children?
Intellectual development in children happens quickly using the kind of experiences that they gain. With time and experience, their memory, problem-solving skills, reasoning and thinking abilities get honed and developed. The cognitive and intellectual development of a child is marked by certain activities and patterns that we can recognize if we know them. There are four distinct stages of intellectual development of a child that have been specified by Piaget, stated below.
This is the period of 0 to 2 years of age where certain activities are observed in a child that marks his or her growth of mental faculties. The first two months are marked by very elementary motor movements such as sucking and grasping. The next two months are marked by repetitive motions. This is the stage of primary circular reactions. The 4 to 8 months phase sees the child repeating movements with consequence like making a hanging toy over the crib move by touching or kicking it. This is the stage of secondary circular reactions. By the time the child is one year old, you will see his or her movements become more complex.
This stage is the coordination of secondary reactions. The next six months will see the child discover new ways to do the same task. You may find your child pulling a pillow to take a toy kept on it without directly taking it. This comprises the tertiary circular reactions. At the age of two years, the child starts to show signs of solving simple activity related problems mentally before executing the actions.
This is the invention of new means through mental combination. This early childhood intellectual development phase lasts from 2 to 7 years of age and is marked by the following developments in the child. From the age of 2 to 4 years, language skills of the child develop. His or her speech, however, is not highly logical. The child can recall and talk about objects that are not presently in sight. The age from four to seven years sees the child develop his speaking skills.