This lesson is a vocabulary lesson to help you learn a number of Russian words that you will use almost every day while you are in Russia. Many of these words you will already know from previous lessons. Visit the vocabulary page to see the interesting about the Russian language for children in list form. The examples included in this lesson are quite advanced.
You will not understand all of the grammar, there are some concepts that you have not been taught. The main thing is to learn the 100 words in this lesson. From this lesson and onwards we will use more complex examples to help you passively learn more Russian vocabulary. You are not expected to memorise all the new Russian words. И’ is preceded by comma when it is used as a conjuction to join phrases with different subjects. Here are some examples of it in use.
The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square. Дети сели на ковер и начали играть. The children sat down on the carpet and began playing. Он прыгнул в реку и быстро поплыл к острову. He jumped into the river and quickly swam to the island. Озера и горы Шотландии очень красивые.
The lakes and mountains of Scotland are very beautiful. Она подошла к доске, взяла мел и начала писать на доске. She went up to the blackboard, took the chalk and began writing on the blackboard. In, into, to’В’ means ‘in’ when followed by the prepositional case. В’ is pronounced as though it is part of the following word. Sometimes this is difficult to say so ‘Во’ is used instead. Во’ usually proceeds words that start with ‘в’ or a group consonants that are difficult to pronounce.
Yesterday we were at the theatre. Мы собрали в лесу много грибов. We gathered many mushrooms in the forest. Он прилетел в Лондон сегодня утром.
He arrived in London this morning. В городе было очень жарко и мы решили поехать за город. In town it was very hot, we decided to go to the country. The day before yesterday we were in the park. When followed by the accusative case it means ‘to’ or ‘into’.
This is common following verbs of motion because there is a sense of direction. Tomorrow we are going to London. Наша бабушка обычно ходит в магазин утром. Our grandmother usually goes to the shop in the morning. Сэм ходит в школу пешком каждое утро. Sam goes to school every morning on foot. Он вошел в институт, когда начался дождь.
Не went into the institute when rain started. Было жарко, но когда мы вошли в лес стало прохладно. It was hot, but when we went into the forest, it became cool. Is used with expressions of time such as ‘on Monday’. On Tuesday I read the newspaper.
В пятницу я играю в теннис. On Friday I am playing tennis. В полдень мы обедали и отдыхали. At noon we had dinner and rested. It usually precedes the verb it negates. Я сказал тебе не делать этого. I told you not to do that.