What Should A Child Learn in Preschool? I should expect from Mazzy’s highfalutin preschool education. Participation in a preschool program is associated with many positive outcomes for children including improved cognitive development, better social skills and reduced chances of being retained or placed in special education. The development of positive, nurturing, and responsive relationships with teachers is my child ready for preschool arguably one of the most critical outcomes of preschool.
Research shows that teacher-child relationships in preschool can have a significant impact on the developing brain such that they enhance developmental outcomes including academic performance, mental health, and interpersonal skills. The development of social skills is an important outcome of preschool programs and is highly predictive of future academic success. Through interacting with peers, children learn to share, take turns, communicate with peers in an appropriate way, and learn to regulate their behavior and emotions when interacting with others. Play is critical to a child’s development. When children are playing, they more engaged in the learning process, able to make sense of their experiences, and able to express themselves and their creativity. In addition, the time a child spends engaging in pretend play is associated with better attention, memory, language use, problem-solving, and higher-order thinking. Children learn at the highest rate when information is matched to their ability level.
High quality programs have instructional materials and activities that are individualized for each student with the appropriate amount of challenge and stimulation so that children are engaged in learning as opposed to being bored or overly frustrated. Children benefit from frequent opportunities to engage in interactive book reading with teachers. These activities should be designed to expand their vocabulary and encourage them to ask and respond to questions about what they read. Children should be exposed to activities that elicit early scientific thinking about how the world works.
Teachers should encourage children to ask questions and explore their environment in ways that expand their knowledge and vocabulary such as making predictions, use of trial and error, making observations, and drawing conclusions. Children should be encouraged to think about themselves within the context of their family, community, and history. For example, they may engage in activities that require them to compare themselves to others, discuss similarities and differences across people and families, and use words or phrases that differentiate between events that happened in the past, present, or future. Most states have developed Pre-K learning standards that specify the types of skills and knowledge that children should attain in preschool. High quality preschool programs often develop or adopt a curriculum that is aligned with state learning standards. State standards are available to the public and are often available online. Finally, remember that a child’s best and most important teachers are their parents.