The English language was first written in Anglo-Saxon futhorc runes, used since the 5th century. This alphabet was brought to what is now England, along with Old English itself, the earliest form of the language, by Anglo-Saxon latin alphabet spelling. The Latin script, introduced by Christian missionaries, began to replace the Anglo-Saxon futhorc from about the 7th century, although the two continued to be used alongside each other for some time.
Norman scribes from the insular g in Old English and Irish, and used alongside their Carolingian g. In the year 1011, a monk named Byrhtferð recorded the traditional order of the Old English alphabet. In the 16th century, the letters u and j were being written as letters distinct from v and i respectively, whereas before the former two letters were just different forms of the latter two letters. English, and was used in non-final position up to the early 19th century. As such words become a normal part of English vocabulary, there is a tendency to remove the diacritics, as has happened with old borrowings such as hôtel, from French. Tolkien uses ë, as in O wingëd crown. An acute, grave, or diaeresis may also be placed over an “e” at the end of a word to indicate that it is not silent, as in saké.