Methodology for children with mental retardation preschool age

964 0 0 0 15 20c0 2. 984 0 0 0 19 8c2. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales are a valid and reliable test methodology for children with mental retardation preschool age measure a person’s adaptive level of functioning. The VABS are useful in assessing an individual’s daily functioning.

They can be used as an evaluation and diagnostic tool for individuals who have a mental disability or individuals with other handicaps. They can also be used to develop individual educational, rehabilitative, and social work treatment programs and can monitor progress during such a program. Adaptive behaviors are everyday living skills such as walking, talking, getting dressed, going to school, going to work, preparing a meal, cleaning the house, etc. Since adaptive behaviors are for the most part developmental, it is possible to describe a person’s adaptive behavior as an age-equivalent score.

Behavior problems, often called maladaptive behaviors, are behaviors that interfere with everyday activities. Good adaptive behavior and a lack of behavior problems promote independence at home, at school, and in the community. The purpose of measuring adaptive and maladaptive behavior is usually either for diagnosis or for program planning. The diagnosis of mental retardation, for example, requires deficits in both cognitive ability and adaptive behavior, occurring before age 18. Adaptive behavior assessment is also used to determine the type and amount of special assistance that people with disabilities may need. Split half-reliability: Internal reliability tests of both the Survey and Expanded Forms were performed on caregivers of children under age 19. The Survey Form split half coefficients for the age groups under 3 ranged from .

95 for the Domains and . Expanded Form split half coefficients ranged from . 97 for the Domains and . Internal consistency: Survey Form: Split half means for Domains .

94 Expanded Form: Split half means for Domains . 97 Classroom Edition: Coefficient Alpha means for Domains . Test – Retest:Survey Form: Means for Domains . Interrater: urvey Form: Correlations between two different interviewers, for Domains .

Content validity included a literature review and field tests with caregivers. Developmental progressions of raw scores with age. Principal factor analyses of Subdomain raw scores. The manuel provides extensive data on validity. There is a significant amount of research that uses the Vineland as a measure.

Social work assessment of adaptive functioning using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales: Issues of Reliability and Validity. Is there a relationship between language delays and behavior and socialization problems in toddlers? Journal of Early Childhood and Infant Psychology Vol 2 2006, 101-116. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. A comparison of the benefits to adult adjustment by graduation from special school placement and integrated class placement for students with mental retardation. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.

Inter-rater reliability, sensitivity to student growth, and concurrent validity of the Competent Learner Repertoire Assessment Level 2. Mild isolated ventriculomegaly: Developmental outcome and parenting stress. The impact of early life experiences on subsequent adaptive and problem behaviors in maltreated children. The predictive contributions of spatial planning to adaptive and cognitive function in children diagnosed with brain tumors. Temperament and behavior outcomes in preschool survivors of neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Children with pervasive developmental disorders participating in group therapy: A longitudinal study on socialization, personality types and theory of mind. Assessment of cognitive abilities in high-functioning children with autistic disorder: A comparison of the wisc-iii and the leiter-r. Psychosocial, demographic, and environmental correlates of mother’s speech directed to children with Down syndrome and language impairment. Criteria validity of the National Independent Living Skills Screening Instrument utilizing the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale–Survey Form: Dissertation Abstracts International. The relationship between sensory processing and self care for children with autism ages two to four. The impact of one special education preschool program on adaptive behavior and parental stress. Effects of repeated secretin administration on a subset of children with pervasive developmental disorder.