Parenting articles, news and tips on raising happy, healthy, successful kids and teens. As children develop from infants to teens to adults they go methods cognitive development of the child a series of developmental stages that are important to all aspects of their personhood including physical, intellectual, emotional and social.
A parent is their child’s first teacher and should remain their best teacher throughout life. Functioning as a coach, the parent exposes a child to age-appropriate challenges to encourage development as well as to experiences that allow the child to explore on their own and learn from interacting with their environment. Child Development specialists have learned that from birth children are goal-directed to experiment and learn from each experience. Child Development experts have taken the concept of scaffolding from the building trades. We provide developmental timelines, videos, suggestions for encouraging development and suggestions for more resources to help you and your child.
Child Developmental Domains Learn about normal child development and how to recognize if your child’s development is on time and what you as a parent can do to support and encourage your child’s development in each of the four primary domains. Stages Learn about the developmental timeline for your child and suggestions for age-appropriate activities to encourage development as well as parenting strategies to provide appropriate structure and encouragement for your child. When Is the Right Time to Wean? Is your child easy or difficult to raise? What is Preventing Your Baby from Sleeping Through the Night? Why Do Toddlers Hold Their Breath?
Parenting Your ADHD Child – Easy Techniques That Work! Our recommendations for books on child development for parents. How to disconnect to reconnect so you can grow and have fun together. The information on this website is solely for informational purposes. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE.
Neither Child Development Institute, LLC nor Dr. Myers nor any of the editors, columnists or authors take responsibility for any possible consequences from any action taken which results from reading or following the information contained in this information. Infant cognitive development is the study of how psychological processes involved in thinking and knowing develop in young children. Information is acquired in a number of ways including through sight, sound, touch, taste, smell and language, all of which require processing by our cognitive system.
Scientific investigation in this field has its origin in the first half of the 20th century, an early and influential theory in this field is Jean Piaget’s Theory of cognitive development. If one accepts that nothing is known until learned, and that everyone shares a basic common sense, it appears infants must—to some degree—make some specific ontological inferences about how the world works, and what kinds of things it contains. Then, because we are also self-reflective creatures, we turn back on our commonsense assumptions and find them to be more puzzling and problematic than we had bargained for. The concepts we habitually employ raise the kinds of disturbing questions we call philosophical’.
Through observations of children, Jean Piaget established a theory of cognitive development. According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development there are four stages of cognitive development. Infant cognitive development occurs in the Sensorimotor stage which starts at birth and extends until the infant is about 2 years of age. The sensorimotor stage is made up of six sub-stages. Lev Vygotsky was also very influential in cognitive development theory. His theory included the Zone of proximal development. Vygotsky also believed that social and cultural factors contributed heavily to cognitive development.
Erik Erikson was a prominent developmental psychologist, who produced a psychoanalytical theory of psychosocial behaviour, showing 8 stages of development from infancy to adulthood. At each stage the individual is set with a potential conflict, and either success or failure at each point will go on to determine the outcome of the psychological state of the person. Development is typically considered to be something progressive, as we age we move from more simple to more complex structures or behaviours. This causes us to interpret early or immature forms of cognition as incomplete forms of the adult model. This does not always hold true. Immature forms of development can serve some function of their own, as it adapts for the current environment of the infant. The development of memory in children becomes evident within the first 2 to 3 years of a child’s life as they show considerable advances in declarative memory.
Research on the development of memory has indicated that declarative, or explicit memory, may exist in infants who are even younger than two years old. For example, newborns who are less than 3 days old demonstrate a preference for their mother’s own voice. The perception of causality was initially studied by Albert Michotte where he presented adults with animated images of moving balls. Object permanence is the understanding that an object continues to exist, even when one cannot see it or touch it. It is an important milestone in the stages of cognitive development for infants. Largely thanks to the innovative strategies developed by Renee Baillargeon and her colleagues, considerable knowledge has been gained in the about how young infants come to understand natural physical laws.