Methods of identification of suicidal risk in children

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Behaviours associated with substance abuse and eating disorders are not considered self-harm because the resulting tissue damage is ordinarily an unintentional side effect. The desire to self-harm is a common symptom of borderline personality disorder. 3 million cases of self-harm occurred. Self-harm is most common between the ages of 12 and 24. The behaviour involves deliberate tissue damage that is usually performed without suicidal intent.

The older literature has used several different terms. DSM-5 under the category “Conditions for Further Study”. It is noted that this proposal of diagnostic criteria for a future diagnosis is not an officially approved diagnosis and may not be used for clinical use but is meant for research purposes only. Many self-harmers are very self-conscious of their wounds and scars and feel guilty about their behaviour, leading them to go to great lengths to conceal their behaviour from others. Eighty percent of self-harm involves stabbing or cutting the skin with a sharp object.