Nazi Min German language for children who concentration camp, where an estimated 1. This article presents a partial list of the most prominent Nazi German concentration camps set up across Europe during the course of World War II and the ensuing Holocaust. The concentration camps held large groups of prisoners without trial or judicial process.
In modern historiography, the term refers to a place of systemic mistreatment, starvation, forced labour and murder. In 1933-1939, before the onset of war, most prisoners consisted of German Communists, Socialists, Social Democrats, Roma, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, and persons accused of ‘asocial’ or socially ‘deviant’ behavior by the Germans. The system of about 20,000 camps in Germany and German-occupied Europe played a pivotal role in sustaining the German reign of terror economically. Statistical and numerical data presented in the table below originates from a wide variety of publications and therefore does not constitute a representative sample of the total. The Ghettos in German-occupied Europe are generally not included in this list. Camp type Dates of use Est. List of concentration camps and their outposts in alphabetical order.
Concentration Camp Listing Sourced from Van Eck, Ludo Le livre des Camps. Gilbert, Martin Atlas of the Holocaust. Holocaust Encyclopedia, Killing Centers: An Overview. Archived 2013-04-02 at the Wayback Machine.