Monitoring child development

With 189 member countries, staff from more 170 countries, and offices in over monitoring child development locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. The World Bank Group works in every major area of development.

We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. Users can follow the proposed step-by-step process to select, adapt, implement, and analyze early childhood development data for diverse purposes and projects. The ECD Measurement Inventory that accompanies this Toolkit contains 147 measurement tools for children under 8 years. For each test it reports the domains assessed, age range for which the tool is appropriate, method of administration, purpose of the assessment, origin and locations of use, logistics, and cost. The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved.

Investing in early interventions timed to take advantage of crucial phases of brain development is necessary for all children. In particular it can improve the lives of the most disadvantaged and vulnerable children and their families, with profound consequences for societies at large. Barriers of access to programs and services need to be removed for ALL children. Measuring the state of early child development with a comparable approach throughout the world will provide a way for societies to judge their success.

Success in the area of early child development requires a partnership, not only among international, national, and local agencies but, also, with the world’s families. Exposure to physical, biological, and chemical risks during a child’s early years can have significant, long-term, and adverse effects. Causes of under-5 mortality and morbidity include physical trauma, biological diseases, and chemical hazards such as drowning and burns, diarrhoea and pneumonia, and mercury and lead toxicity. Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro 1160, 3 piso.

International Center for Equity in Health, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil. MDG 4 targeted the reduction of child mortality, while MDG 5 focused on the improvement of maternal health. Monitoring the coverage of interventions in maternal and child health continues to be central to assessing progress towards development goals. Both indices comprise eight indicators of coverage of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health care, with five indicators in common. The composite coverage index was first proposed in 2008 as the weighted average coverage of eight preventive and curative interventions received along the continuum of maternal and child care. Universal health coverage is defined in terms of access to and receipt of essential interventions, and of financial risk protection. 3 In this study we describe and compare the characteristics of the composite coverage index and the co-coverage index for monitoring universal health coverage in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child care.