Tolkien created many languages throughout his life. Tolkien also created a number of different alphabets to write his languages – Tengwar, origin of alphabets in english Feanorian letters, is the one which appears most frequently in his work.
The way the vowels are indicated in Tengwar resembles Tibetan and other Brahmi-derived scripts. Tengwar is written is a number of different ways known as “modes”. For example there is a Quenya mode, a Sindarin mode and even an English mode. When vowels stand on their own or come at the beginning of a word, the diacritics appear over a special vowel holder. Long vowels are always attached to a vowel holder. Consonants are doubled by adding a wavy line below them. Otherwise these letters are written with the the tengwa silme, esse and óre.
Quenya, Qenya or High-Elven, the most prominent language of the Amanya branch of the Elvish language family. Tolkien complied the “Qenya Lexicon”, his first list of Elvish words, in 1915 at the age of 23 and continued to refine the language throughout his life. It is based mainly on Finnish, but also partly on Greek and partly on Latin. Sindarin, the language of the Grey-elves or Sindar. Tolkien based Sindarin on Welsh and originally called it gnomish. Tengwar can also be used to write English, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish, Polish, Esperanto and a variety of other languages.
Extra Tengwar These letters are used for Tolkien’s other languages, such as Black Speech, and also in English mode. Tengwar numerals are written from right to left. Transliteration Ennyn Durin aran Moria: pedo mellon a minno! Celebrimbor o Eregion teithant i thiw hin. Translation Gate of Durin, King of Moria, say friend and enter! Celebrimbor of Eregion drew these signs. You can support this site by making a donation, or by contributing in other ways.
Book Accommodation, Restaurants and Flights on Booking. Building on this ancient foundation, the first widely used alphabet was developed by the Phoenicians about seven hundred years later. The Greeks built on the Phoenician alphabet by adding vowels sometime around 750 BC. The history of writing in Britain begins with the Anglo-Saxons in the fifth century AD.