Parenting examples from the literature

Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make parenting examples from the literature you’re not a robot. A parent is a caregiver of the offspring in their own species.

A parent can also be elaborated as an ancestor removed one generation. With recent medical advances, it is possible to have more than two biological parents. The most common types of parents are mothers, fathers, step-parents, and grandparents. A mother is, “a woman in relation to a child or children to whom she has given birth. An individual’s biological parents are the persons from whom the individual inherits his or her genes. A mother is a female who has a maternal connection with another individual, whether arising from conception, by giving birth to, or raising the individual in the role of a parent. More than one female may have such connections with an individual.

A father is a male parent of any type of offspring. It may be the person who shares in the raising of a child or who has provided the biological material, the sperm, which results in the birth of the child. Example, William Pork is Parin Panji’s Dad. Grandparents are the parents of a person’s own parent, whether that be a father or a mother.

Every sexually reproducing creature who is not a genetic chimera has a maximum of four genetic grandparents, eight genetic great-grandparents, sixteen genetic great-great-grandparents and so on. A paternity test is conducted to prove paternity, that is, whether a male is the biological father of another individual. This may be relevant in view of rights and duties of the father. Similarly, a maternity test can be carried out. Most countries and states have laws that provide that the parents of a minor child are the legal guardians of that child, and that the parents can designate who shall become the child’s legal guardian in the event of death, subject to the approval of the court. Some jurisdictions allow a parent of a child to exercise the authority of a legal guardian without a formal court appointment. A child has at least one biological father and at least one biological mother, but not every family is a traditional nuclear family.

The social science literature rejects the notion that there is an optimal gender mix of parents or that children and adolescents with same-sex parents suffer any developmental disadvantages compared with those with two opposite-sex parents. An offspring who hates their father is called a misopater, one that hates their mother is a misomater, while a parent that hates their offspring is a misopedist. David Haig has argued that human fetal genes would be selected to draw more resources from the mother than it would be optimal for the mother to give, a hypothesis that has received empirical support. In Europe, parents are generally happier than non-parents. In women, happiness increases after the first child, but having higher-order children is not associated with further increased well-being.

Happiness seems to increase most in the year before and after the first childbirth. Papa’s Baby: Paternity and Artificial Insemination. Evidence in the Psychological Therapies: A Critical Guidance for Practitioners. The Blackwell encyclopedia of social work.