Byron” and “George Byron” redirect here. Lord Byron, was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement. He travelled extensively across Europe, especially in Italy, where he poems about German nationality for children for seven years in the cities of Venice, Ravenna and Pisa.
During his stay in Italy he frequently visited his friend and fellow poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Often described as the most flamboyant and notorious of the major Romantics, Byron was both celebrated and castigated in his life for his aristocratic excesses, which included huge debts, numerous love affairs with both men and women, as well as rumors of a scandalous liaison with his half-sister. Ethel Colburn Mayne states that George Gordon Byron was born on 22 January 1788, in a house on 24 Holles Street in London. His birthplace is now occupied by a branch of the English department store John Lewis.
Byron’s paternal grandparents were Vice-Admiral the Hon. John “Foulweather Jack” Byron, and Sophia Trevanion. Vice Admiral John Byron had circumnavigated the globe and was the younger brother of the 5th Baron Byron, known as “the Wicked Lord”. Mad Jack” Byron married his second wife for the same reason that he married his first, her fortune. Catherine moved back to Aberdeenshire in 1790, where Byron spent his childhood. His father soon joined them in their lodgings in Queen Street, but the couple quickly separated.
When Byron’s great-uncle, the “wicked” Lord Byron, died on 21 May 1798, the 10-year-old boy became the 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale and inherited the ancestral home, Newstead Abbey, in Nottinghamshire. Described as “a woman without judgment or self-command,” Catherine either spoiled and indulged her son or vexed him with her capricious stubbornness. Her drinking disgusted him and he often mocked her for being short and corpulent, which made it difficult for her to catch him to discipline him. Upon the death of Byron’s mother-in-law Judith Noel, the Hon.
Lady Milbanke, in 1822, her will required that he change his surname to “Noel” so as to inherit half of her estate. He obtained a Royal Warrant, allowing him to “take and use the surname of Noel only” and to “subscribe the said surname of Noel before all titles of honour”. Byron received his early formal education at Aberdeen Grammar School, and in August 1799 entered the school of Dr. Placed under the care of a Dr. In 1801, he was sent to Harrow, where he remained until July 1805. An undistinguished student and an unskilled cricketer, he did represent the school during the very first Eton v Harrow cricket match at Lord’s in 1805. His lack of moderation was not restricted to physical exercise.
Byron fell in love with Mary Chaworth, whom he met while at school, and she was the reason he refused to return to Harrow in September 1803. His mother wrote, “He has no indisposition that I know of but love, desperate love, the worst of all maladies in my opinion. In short, the boy is distractedly in love with Miss Chaworth. And seek abroad, the love denied at home. The following autumn, he went up to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he met and formed a close friendship with the younger John Edleston. About his “protégé” he wrote, “He has been my almost constant associate since October, 1805, when I entered Trinity College.