The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found preparing children for school Gorodets the talk page. Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762.
Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. When Elizabeth, his mother’s younger sister, became Empress of Russia, she brought Peter from Germany to Russia and proclaimed him her heir presumptive in the autumn of 1742. Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst and Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp. The classical view of Peter’s character is mainly drawn out of the memoirs of his wife and successor. She described him as an “idiot”, “drunkard from Holstein”, “good-for-nothing”, etc. Nature had made him mean, the smallpox had made him hideous, and his degraded habits made him loathsome.
And Peter had all the sentiments of the worst kind of small German prince of the time. He had the conviction that his princeship entitled him to disregard decency and the feelings of others. He planned brutal practical jokes, in which blows had always a share. There have been many attempts to revise the traditional characterisation of Peter and his policies. Many contradictory qualities existed in him: keen observation, zeal and sharp wit in his arguments and actions, incaution and lack of perspicuity in conversation, frankness, goodness, sarcasm, a hot temper, and wrathfulness. The German historian Elena Palmer goes even further, portraying Peter III as a cultured, open-minded emperor who tried to introduce various courageous, even democratic reforms in the 18th century’s Russia. As Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Peter planned war against Denmark in order to restore parts of Schleswig to his Duchy.
In June 1762, 40,000 Russian troops assembled in Pomerania under General Pyotr Rumyantsev, preparing to face 27,000 Danish troops under the French general Count St. While historically Peter’s planned war against Denmark was seen as a political failure, recent scholarship has portrayed it as part of a pragmatic plan to secure his Holstein-Gottorp duchy and to expand the common Holstein-Russian power northward and westwards. Equally, he thought that friendship with Prussia and with Britain, following its triumph in the Seven Years War, could offer more to aid his plans than alliance with either Austria or France. During his 186-day period of government, Peter III passed 220 new laws that he had developed and elaborated during his life as a crown prince. Elena Palmer claims that his reforms were of a democratic nature. He proclaimed religious freedom — in those times a revolutionary step, that not even the advanced Western Europe had taken.
On the day Peter submitted this manifesto, the parliament proposed building a pure gold statue of him, but Peter refused, saying that there must be much better uses for gold in the country. Peter III’s economic policy reflected the rising influence of Western capitalism and the merchant class or “Third Estate” that accompanied it. Peter’s short reign also addressed serfdom law and the status of serfs within Russia. For the first time, the killing of a peasant by a landowner became an act punishable by law. The examples and perspective in this section may not include all significant viewpoints. The reign of Peter III is cast by Palmer as progressive for its focus on transforming economically developed feudal Russia to a more advanced European state. Palmer claims that his reform efforts were welcomed by society as a whole.
In December 1796, after succeeding Catherine, Peter’s son and Emperor Paul, who disliked his mother’s behaviour, arranged for Peter’s remains to be exhumed and reburied with full honors in the Peter and Paul Cathedral, where other tsars were buried. Peter had not died but had been secretly imprisoned by Catherine. The legend of Peter is still talked about, especially in the town where he lived most of his life, former Oranienbaum, later Lomonosov, situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, 40 km west of St. Peter’s palace is the only one of the famous palaces in the St. Peter has been depicted on screen a number of times, almost always in films concerning his wife Catherine. He was portrayed by Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. Love, Sex And Power In Affairs Of State And Heart”, Canberra Times, July 29, 2006.
Great Catherine: The Life of Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia by Carolly Erickson. Florence King, The American Spectator, Book Review, August 1994. A Treasure of Royal Scandals, New York: Penguin Books, p. The Emperors and Empresses of Russia: Rediscovering the Romanovs, New York: ME Sharpe, p. Baltic Sagas: Events and Personalities that Changed the World!
Peter III — Der Prinz von Holstein. The French Navy and the Seven Years War. The Emperors and Empresses of Russia: Rediscovering the Romanovs”. Reform and Regicide: The Reign of Peter III of Russia”.
Peter III, Emperor of Russia: The Story of a Crisis and a Crime”. Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Peter III. Recipients of the Order of St. This page was last edited on 14 April 2018, at 07:03. Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country’s longest-ruling female leader. In her accession to power and her rule of the empire, Catherine often relied on her noble favourites, most notably Grigory Orlov and Grigory Potemkin. Catherine reformed the administration of Russian guberniyas, and many new cities and towns were founded on her orders.
An admirer of Peter the Great, Catherine continued to modernise Russia along Western European lines. The period of Catherine the Great’s rule, the Catherinian Era, is often considered the Golden Age of the Russian Empire and the Russian nobility. The Manifesto on Freedom of the Nobility, issued during the short reign of Peter III and confirmed by Catherine, freed Russian nobles from compulsory military or state service. The diplomatic intrigue failed, largely due to the intervention of Sophie’s mother, Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp. Historical accounts portray Johanna as a cold, abusive woman who loved gossip and court intrigues. Catherine recalled in her memoirs that as soon as she arrived in Russia, she fell ill with a pleuritis that almost killed her. Her mother, being opposed to this practice, fell into the Empress’ disfavour.
Princess Sophie’s father, a devout German Lutheran, opposed his daughter’s conversion to Eastern Orthodoxy. Count Andrei Shuvalov, chamberlain to Catherine, knew the diarist James Boswell well, and Boswell reports that Shuvalov shared private information regarding the monarch’s intimate affairs. I used to say to myself that happiness and misery depend on ourselves. If you feel unhappy, raise your self above unhappiness, and so act that your happiness may be independent of all eventualities. Peter succeeded to the throne as Emperor Peter III, and Catherine became empress consort. The imperial couple moved into the new Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg.