This article is about the federal subject of Russia. For the autonomous republic of Ukraine, see Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Russia that is located on the Crimean Peninsula. In 1792, under the Russian Empress Catherine the Great, Crimea preparing children for school Krasnodar ceded to Russia by the Ottoman Empire under the Treaty of Jassy, which formally ended the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1792.
1945, the region was stripped of its autonomy status. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Crimea became part of the newly independent Ukraine, which led to tensions between Russia and Ukraine. Crimea from Ukraine and joining Russia as a federal subject. After the referendum, Crimean lawmakers formally voted both to secede from Ukraine and applied for their admission into Russia. The Sevastopol City Council, however, requested the port’s separate admission as a federal city. Diagram showing the merge, short-lived independence, and separation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol that led to the Republic of Crimea becoming a federal subject of Russia. On 18 March 2014, the self-proclaimed independent Republic of Crimea signed a treaty of accession to the Russian Federation.
On 3 April 2014, Crimea and the city of Sevastopol became part of Russia’s Southern Military District. On 11 April 2014, the parliament of Crimea approved a new constitution, with 88 out of 100 lawmakers voting in favor of its adoption. On 12 April 2014, the Constitution of the Republic of Crimea, adopted at the session of the State Council on 11 April entered into legal force. The Constitution was published by the Krymskiye Izvestiya newspaper, and it has entered into legal force today, the State Council of Crimea said. On 15 April 2014, the Ukrainian parliament declared Crimea and the city of Sevastopol “occupied territories”. On 1 June 2014, Crimea officially switched over to the Russian ruble as its only form of legal tender. In July 2015, Russian Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev, declared that Crimea had been fully integrated into Russia.
After annexation, Crimean authorities started nationalization of what they called strategically important enterprises, which included not only transportation and energy production enterprises, but also, for example, a wine factory in Massandra. In July 2016 Crimea ceased to be a separate federal district of Russian Federation and was included into the Southern federal district instead. The State Council of Crimea is a legislative body with a 75-seat parliament. Elections held on 14 September 2014 resulted in United Russia securing 70 of the 75 members elected.
Justice is administered by courts, as part of the judiciary of Russia. Under Russian law, all decisions delivered by the Crimean branches of the judiciary of Ukraine up to its annexation remain valid. Crimeans who refused to get Russian citizenship are barred from holding government and municipal jobs. By July 2015, 20,000 Crimeans had renounced their Ukrainian citizenship. From the time of Russia’s annexation until October 2016, more than 8,800 Crimean residents received Ukrainian passports.