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Who is beheading the parking meters in St. DOOR TO HELL: ‘Creepiest place on earth’ burning for almost 50 years! Unauthorized distribution, transmission or republication strictly prohibited. This is the latest accepted revision, reviewed on 11 April 2018. This article is about the art form. Poem”, “Poems”, and “Poetic” redirect here.
Raphael: famous poets recite alongside the nine Muses atop Mount Parnassus. Poetry has a long history, dating back to the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh. Poetry uses forms and conventions to suggest differential interpretation to words, or to evoke emotive responses. Some poetry types are specific to particular cultures and genres and respond to characteristics of the language in which the poet writes. Some scholars believe that the art of poetry may predate literacy. Others, however, suggest that poetry did not necessarily predate writing.
Other forms of poetry developed directly from folk songs. The earliest entries in the oldest extant collection of Chinese poetry, the Shijing, were initially lyrics. The efforts of ancient thinkers to determine what makes poetry distinctive as a form, and what distinguishes good poetry from bad, resulted in “poetics”—the study of the aesthetics of poetry. Classical thinkers employed classification as a way to define and assess the quality of poetry. Notably, the existing fragments of Aristotle’s Poetics describe three genres of poetry—the epic, the comic, and the tragic—and develop rules to distinguish the highest-quality poetry in each genre, based on the underlying purposes of the genre.
Aristotle’s work was influential throughout the Middle East during the Islamic Golden Age, as well as in Europe during the Renaissance. This does not imply that poetry is illogical or lacks narration, but rather that poetry is an attempt to render the beautiful or sublime without the burden of engaging the logical or narrative thought process. English Romantic poet John Keats termed this escape from logic “Negative Capability”. During this period, there was also substantially more interaction among the various poetic traditions, in part due to the spread of European colonialism and the attendant rise in global trade. In addition to a boom in translation, during the Romantic period numerous ancient works were rediscovered.