Preschool age psychology

964 0 0 0 preschool age psychology 20c0 2. 984 0 0 0 19 8c2.

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales are a valid and reliable test to measure a person’s adaptive level of functioning. The VABS are useful in assessing an individual’s daily functioning. They can be used as an evaluation and diagnostic tool for individuals who have a mental disability or individuals with other handicaps. They can also be used to develop individual educational, rehabilitative, and social work treatment programs and can monitor progress during such a program.

Adaptive behaviors are everyday living skills such as walking, talking, getting dressed, going to school, going to work, preparing a meal, cleaning the house, etc. Since adaptive behaviors are for the most part developmental, it is possible to describe a person’s adaptive behavior as an age-equivalent score. Behavior problems, often called maladaptive behaviors, are behaviors that interfere with everyday activities. Good adaptive behavior and a lack of behavior problems promote independence at home, at school, and in the community. The purpose of measuring adaptive and maladaptive behavior is usually either for diagnosis or for program planning. The diagnosis of mental retardation, for example, requires deficits in both cognitive ability and adaptive behavior, occurring before age 18.

Adaptive behavior assessment is also used to determine the type and amount of special assistance that people with disabilities may need. Split half-reliability: Internal reliability tests of both the Survey and Expanded Forms were performed on caregivers of children under age 19. The Survey Form split half coefficients for the age groups under 3 ranged from . 95 for the Domains and . Expanded Form split half coefficients ranged from . 97 for the Domains and .