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Please forward this error screen to 67. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. No cleanup reason has been specified. The city is largely and traditionally Russophone, while ethnically the population is divided about evenly between Russians and Ukrainians. Due to the Soviet authorities frequently renaming cities after Communist leaders, the city was known as Zhdanov, after the Soviet functionary Andrei Zhdanov, between 1948 and 1989.
Today, Mariupol remains a centre for industry, as well as higher education and business. In this region of the Eurasian steppes, the Cossacks emerged as a distinct people in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. Azov Sea to the mouth of the Mius River. The last Tatar raid, launched in 1769, covered a vast area, overrunning the New Russia province with a huge army in severe winter weather. Kalmius County was founded on the site. Greek settlement of Mariampol, a suburb of Bakhchisaray.
In 1782 it was an administrative seat of the county in the Azov Governorate of the Russian Empire, with a population of 2,948 inhabitants. In the early 19th century the customs house, a church-parish school, the port authorities building, a county religious school, and two privately founded girls’ schools appeared in the city. In 1914 the population of Mariupol reached 58,000. However, the period from 1917 onwards saw a continuous decline in population and industry due to the February Revolution and the Civil War.