This page contains tips on how to create a diverse, multicultural, problems of teaching elementary school children inclusive class environment, with specific suggestions on how to teach about prejudice and how to handle students who display discriminatory behavior. Make sure that classroom posters, pictures, books, music, toys, dolls, and other materials are diverse in terms of race, ethnicity, gender, age, family situations, disabilities, and so on.
When children ask a question related to prejudice or group differences, be sure to answer directly rather than side-stepping the question or changing the topic. Otherwise, children may infer that they should not ask about these issues, and that there is something shameful to avoid. Instead, reinforce children’s natural curiosity, and explain the distinction between noticing social differences and being prejudiced. Use whatever diversity exists among your students to model inclusiveness. For example, if students are about to do an activity that is difficult for a disabled student to do, invite students to help adapt the activity so that everyone can participate. Under the right circumstances, such an approach can establish a norm of inclusiveness and reward students for valuing each other’s participation. Avoiding the problem will not make it go away, and your silence may even give the appearance of tacit approval.
Instead, make it clear that you will not tolerate racial, ethnic, religious, sexual, or other offensive jokes, slurs, or behaviors, and explain why. If you cannot respond at the time the incident takes place, respond as soon after as possible before the problem worsens. Please forward this error screen to 66. Academic English The English language ability required for academic achievement in context-reduced situations, such as classroom lectures and textbook reading assignments. Accuracy Accuracy is the ability to recognize words correctly. Adequate yearly progress An individual state’s measure of yearly progress toward achieving state academic standards. Adequate Yearly Progress” is the minimum level of improvement that states, school districts and schools must achieve each year.
ADHD See attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Advanced phonics Strategies for decoding multisyllabic words that include morphology and information about the meaning, pronunciation, and parts of speech of words gained from knowledge of prefixes, roots, and suffixes. Alphabetic principle The concept that letters and letter combinations represent individual phonemes in written words. The Americans With Disabilities Act gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications. Ample opportunities for student practice Students are asked to apply what they have been taught in order to accomplish specific reading tasks. Practice should follow in a logical relationship with what has just been taught.
Once skills are internalized, students are provided with more opportunities to independently implement previously learned information. Analogy Comparing two sets of words to show some common similarity between the sets. Antonym A word opposite in meaning to another word. Attention deficit disorder is an older name for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the inability to use skills of attention effectively. Studies suggest that five to ten percent of children, adolescents, and adults may have ADHD. Automaticity Automaticity is a general term that refers to any skilled and complex behavior that can be performed rather easily with little attention, effort, or conscious awareness.