14, endorsed a set of recommendations on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children. The main purpose of the recommendations was to guide efforts by Member States in designing new policies, or strengthening existing policies, on food marketing communications to children in order to reduce the impact of marketing foods high in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids, free sugars, or salt. Recommendations for the development of children framework document has been developed in response to the mandate of resolution WHA63.
14 and is aimed at policy-makers wanting to apply the recommendations in their individual territories. The process involved is set out in four sections. Overall, the framework provides a useful addition to resources available for the implementation of the set of recommendations on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children. Please forward this error screen to sharedip-10718041150. Disclosure statement Anna Childs does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. The Open University provides funding as a founding partner of The Conversation UK. The Conversation UK receives funding from Hefce, Hefcw, SAGE, SFC, RCUK, The Nuffield Foundation, The Ogden Trust, The Royal Society, The Wellcome Trust, Esmée Fairbairn Foundation and The Alliance for Useful Evidence, as well as sixty five university members.
Children play in streets of village Kandaga, Tanzania. UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund, has warned that despite rapid progress in reductions of poverty and deprivation among children worldwide, disparities are still growing. Are our best efforts failing the world’s most vulnerable children? At the dawn of this millennium, 189 countries of the United Nations signed a declaration committing the global community to the reduction of poverty, hunger, gender inequality, illiteracy, child mortality and environmental degradation. These ambitions were made tangible in the Millennium Development Goals, with corresponding targets set for 2015. UN Distributes Food, School Supplies to Haiti Children.
There are many other positive indicators, and every statistic about a child saved from disease or malnourishment, protected from HIV, learning safely in school, drinking clean water and brought out of oppressive poverty is to be celebrated for the change it represents. A child born today has far greater advantages than she would have had a generation ago. She has a much better chance of reaching her fifth birthday. She is less likely to suffer stunting and more likely to go to school. Being educated increases the odds that she won’t marry as a child, reduces the risk of an early birth, and makes it more likely that her own children will be healthy and educated. Situation worsening However, the good news is thrown into stark contrast by the bad. In the time it would take an average reader to reach this point in the article, more children than you can count on your fingers will have died mostly avoidable deaths.
It doesn’t take a UNICEF report to tell you what you know already: the majority of these children are in the very poorest countries on the planet. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, the report finds the risk of a child dying before her or his fifth birthday is almost 15 times higher than the risk facing a child born in a high-income nation. This and other forecasts in the report suggest that the figures demonstrating improvement against targets and goals have actually obscured a worsening trend among the poorest children in many countries, where the gaps between rich and poor are getting wider. Progress for Children Report June 2015 UNICEF. Anthony Lake, UNICEF’s executive director, in the foreword to the report. In doing so, national progress may actually have been slowed.
6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water since 1990. Mr Lake argues that the fundamental issue was a lack of ambition and far-sightedness in setting the goals. At the time it was assumed strategically unrealistic to target the hardest to reach, but subsequent evidence has revealed that investing in an equity-focused approach to child survival and development is in fact a cost-effective way to accelerate progress. There has been a massive leap in learning since the Millenium Development Goals were established, not least in how to define, collect and analyse data. The report makes strong recommendations for exploiting improvements in the way data is collected and used in order to determine precisely who and where are the most vulnerable and excluded children. 2015 UNICEF report to serve as a wake-up call.
Taking all evidence into account, there are appreciable marks for effort but the recommendation can only be that the world must try significantly harder in the upcoming term of the Sustainable Development Goals. Your donation helps deliver fact-based journalism. Best way to avoid back pain? Economic Growth: Geopolitical game or addressing global inequalities? Stay informed and subscribe to our free daily newsletter and get the latest analysis and commentary directly in your inbox.