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Easily download and save what you find. Mathematics is commonly called Math in the US and Maths in the UK. This article is about institutions for learning. For the concept of “schooling”, see Education.
In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education. There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. The concept of grouping students together in a centralized location for learning has existed since Classical antiquity.
Islam was another culture that developed a school system in the modern sense of the word. Emphasis was put on knowledge, which required a systematic way of teaching and spreading knowledge, and purpose-built structures. Under the Ottomans, the towns of Bursa and Edirne became the main centers of learning. Obligatory school attendance became common in parts of Europe during the 18th century. In Denmark-Norway, this was introduced as early as in 1739-1741, the primary end being to increase the literacy of the almue, i. Loyola School, Chennai, India — run by the Catholic Diocese of Madras.
Christian missionaries played a pivotal role in establishing modern schools in India. The use of the term school varies by country, as do the names of the various levels of education within the country. In the United Kingdom, most schools are publicly funded and known as state schools or maintained schools in which tuition is provided free. There are also private schools or independent schools that charge fees. In much of the Commonwealth of Nations, including Australia, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Kenya, and Tanzania, the term school refers primarily to pre-university institutions. In ancient India, schools were in the form of Gurukuls. During the Mughal rule, Madrasahs were introduced in India to educate the children of Muslim parents.
Under the British rule in India, Christian missionaries from England, USA and other countries established missionary and boarding schools throughout the country. Later as these schools gained in popularity, more were started and some gained prestige. These schools marked the beginning of modern schooling in India and the syllabus and calendar they followed became the benchmark for schools in modern India. In much of continental Europe, the term school usually applies to primary education, with primary schools that last between four and nine years, depending on the country. In the United States, school performance through high school is monitored by each state’s department of education.
Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools. Many schools are owned or funded by states. Private schools operate independently from the government. The Toronto District School Board is an example of a school board that allows parents to design and propose new schools. Goals: What is the purpose of education, and what is the school’s role? Governance: Who will make which decisions?
Parent involvement: In which ways are parents welcome at the school? Student body: Will it be, for example, a neighbourhood school or a specialty school? Student conduct: What behaviour is acceptable, and what happens when behaviour is inappropriate? Curriculum: What will be the curriculum model, and who will decide on curricula?
Schools are organized spaces purposed for teaching and learning. The classrooms, where teachers teach and students learn, are of central importance. Classrooms may be specialized for certain subjects, such as laboratory classrooms for science education and workshops for industrial arts education. School yards, that is, all-purpose playfields typically in elementary schools, often made of concrete, although some are being transformed into environmentally friendly teaching gardens by landscape artists such as Sharon Gamson Danks. To curtail violence, some schools have added CCTV surveillance cameras.