Please forward this error screen to 109. Second type alphabets Runic alphabet was probably created independently rather than evolving from another alphabet. The earliest known Runic inscriptions date from the 1st century AD, but the vast majority of Runic inscriptions date from the 11th century.
Runic inscriptions have been found throughout Europe from the Balkans to Germany, Scandinavia and the British Isles. Word divisions were not generally recognised in Runic writing, although one or more dots were occasionally used for this function. There are many examples of trade communication: stock orders and descriptions, excuses for not having payed on time, trade name tags for bags or cases of produce, etc. The trade inscriptions are often carved on wooden rune sticks.
Political inscriptions are to do with matters of the law, historical figures state that they were somewhere hiding from the enemy, secret messages to do with the fighting of wars, etc. Art and craft-signatures: Goldsmiths, blacksmiths, wood carvers, church builders, etc. Elder Futhark Elder Futhark is thought to be the oldest version of the Runic alphabet, and was used in the parts of Europe which were home to Germanic peoples, including Scandinavia. Other versions probably developed from it. The names of the letters are shown in Common Germanic, the reconstructed ancestor of all Germanic languages. The meaning of the letter name perþ is unknown. Younger Futhark Younger Futhark or “Normal Runes” gradually evolved Elder Futhark over a period of many years and stabilized by about 800 A.