Standard latin alphabet

Latin alphabet The Latin, or Roman, alphabet was originally adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC to write Latin. Since then it has had many different forms, and been adapted to write many other languages. According to Roman legend, the Cimmerian Sibyl, Carmenta, created the Latin alphabet by adapting the Greek alphabet used in the Greek standard latin alphabet of Cumae in southern Italy.

This was introduced to Latium by Evander, her son. 60 years after the Trojan war. Archaic Latin alphabet The earliest known inscriptions in the Latin alphabet date from the 6th century BC. It was adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC. The letters Y and Z were taken from the Greek alphabet to write Greek loan words. Other letters were added from time to time as the Latin alphabet was adapted for other languages.

By the 5th or 4th century BC it was normally written from left to right. Before A the letter K was used for these sounds, before O or V, Q was used, and C was used elsewhere. The letter G was later added to the alphabet to distinguish these sounds. This is a version of the earliest known text in Latin. It is known as the Duenos inscription, and was found on the Quirinal Hill in Rome by Heinrich Dressel, a German archaeologist, in 1880. It is thought to date from the 7th to 5th century BC.

Transliteration Omnes homines dignitate et iure liberi et pares nascuntur, rationis et conscientiae participes sunt, quibus inter se concordiae studio est agendum. Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Modern Latin alphabet The modern Latin alphabet is used to write hundreds of different languages. Each language uses a slightly different set of letters, and they are pronounced in various ways. Some languages use the standard 26 letters, some use fewer, and others use more. This is the modern Latin alphabet as used to write English.

Turkish, and the schwa is used in Azeri. You can support this site by making a donation, or by contributing in other ways. Book Accommodation, Restaurants and Flights on Booking. The ISO basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.

By the 1960s it became apparent to the computer and telecommunications industries in the First World that a non-proprietary method of encoding characters was needed. The Unicode block that contains the alphabet is called “C0 Controls and Basic Latin”. 1965-04-30: Ratified by ECMA as ECMA-6 based on work the ECMA’s Technical Committee TC1 had carried out since December 1960. IEC standard for characters in Unicode 1. IEC 10646″ without the separation into two parts.

Hindu-Arabic numerals and letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet on a 16-segment display. In ASCII the letters belong to the printable characters and in Unicode since version 1. 0 they belong to the block “C0 Controls and Basic Latin”. Not case sensitive, all letters have code words in the ICAO spelling alphabet and can be represented with Morse code. In X-SAMPA and SAMPA these letters have the same sound value as in IPA.

Note for Portuguese: k, w and y were part of the alphabet until several spelling reforms during the 20th century, the aim of which was to change the etymological Portuguese spelling into an easier phonetic spelling. These letters were replaced by other letters having the same sound: thus psychologia became psicologia, kioske became quiosque, martyr became mártir, etc. This avoids confusion with row numbers using Arabic numerals. For example, a 3-by-3 table would contain Columns A, B, and C, set against Rows 1, 2, and 3. Z is AA, followed by AB, and so on.

These are double-digit “letters” for table columns, in the same way that 10 through 99 are double-digit numbers. The Greek alphabet has a similar extended form that uses such double-digit letters if necessary, but it is used for chapters of a fraternity as opposed to columns of a table. Such double-digit letters for bullet points are AA, BB, CC, etc. Internationalisation standardization of 7-bit codes, ISO 646″.