Suicide in South Korea is the 10th highest rate in the world according to the World Health Organization, as well as the highest suicide rate for an OECD member state. One reason for its high suicide rate compared to other countries in the developed world is a large symptoms of suicide in teenagers of suicide among the elderly. However, proactive government efforts to decrease the rate have shown effectiveness in 2014, when there were 27.
3 suicides per 100,000 people, a 4. An extremely high suicide rate among the elderly is a major contributing factor to South Korea’s overall suicide rate. Although lower than the rate for the elderly, grade school and college students in Korea have a higher than average suicide rate. On average, men have a suicide rate that is twice as high as women.
However, the suicide attempt rate is higher for women than men. According to a study, because men use more severe and lethal suicide methods, men have higher suicidal completion rate than women. Compared to other OECD countries, South Korea’s female suicide rate is highest with 15. 0 deaths by suicide per 100,000 deaths according to the suicidal rate list, while the male suicide rate is third highest with 32. Women also had a higher increase of proportional suicide rate over men between 1986 and 2005.
Socioeconomic status is measured by a population’s level of education, degree of urbanity and deprivation of the residence. Low socioeconomic status, high stress, inadequate sleep, alcohol use, and smoking are associated with suicidal tendencies among adolescents. Following Gangwon, Chungnam rates second and Jeonbuk rates third. Yeontan burning has been used as a suicide method in South Korea. The Mapo Bridge in Seoul, South Korea has been nicknamed “Suicide Bridge” and “The Bridge of Death” due to its frequent usage as a suicide hotspot amidst South Korea’s ongoing suicide epidemic. Because South Korean law heavily restricts firearms possession, only one third of South Korean women use violent methods to commit suicide.
Poisoning is the most commonly used method for South Korean women, with pesticides accounting for half of suicide deaths among that population. A study by Subin Park et al. South Korean suicide rate from 2000 to 2011 was the increase in suicides by hanging. Throughout that time period, hanging grew to be perceived as more painless, socially acceptable, and accessible, and thus became a much more common method throughout the first decade of the 21st century.
In recent years amid South Korea’s suicide epidemic, yeontan burning has seen use as a method of suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning. Bridge jumping has also been used as a method of suicide by suicidal South Koreans. In 2005 actress Lee Eun-ju, the star of hit films including Taegukgi and The Scarlet Letter, committed suicide at age 24. Construction tycoon Sung Wan-jong committed suicide in April 2015 amid allegations of corruption and left a suicide note in which he named those whom he claimed had been involved in corruption. There have also been notable cases of suicides in response to tragedies.
Two days after the disaster of the ferry Sewol in April 2014, a high school principal who was rescued committed suicide. He had organized the trip for the students. The president of the ferry company was also later found dead in a suspected suicide. On 18 December 2017, Kim Jonghyun, a main vocalist of South Korean group Shinee, committed suicide.