Thousands of graduate students had staged walkouts in protest over the GOP tax plan, while eight students were arrested last week for demonstrating outside the Capitol Hill office of House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis. Tax deduction per child, full-time tuition and House Republican leaders have agreed to abandon many of the controversial proposals that higher education leaders and students had rallied to thwart, according to congressional aides.
Details of the final legislation are still forthcoming, but aides with knowledge of the negotiations who were not authorized to speak publicly say lawmakers have responded to the outcry from students. In the wake of the graduate protests, a group of 31 House Republicans, led by Rep. Pete Sessions, R-Texas, sent a letter asking party leaders to strip out the tuition waiver provision. Graduate students, alongside other people with education debt, were also up in arms over a proposal to eliminate the student loan interest deduction. Because borrowers can claim the deduction even if they choose not to itemize, the tax benefit is available to anyone paying interest on education debt. Associations representing colleges and universities have rallied in defense ofstudent tax benefits and implored lawmakers to exclude provisions they say would harm schools. Some of their efforts appear successful, including the axing of a provision that would have gotten rid of interest-free bonds that many private colleges use to fund construction on campus.
But aides say lawmakers remain determined — at least for now — to impose a 1. 4 percent excise tax on the endowments of a handful of private colleges and universities. 250,000 per full-time student, while the Senate doubled the cap. A bipartisan group of nearly 30 lawmakers on Wednesday sent a letter to party leaders urging them to abandon the proposed excise tax on endowments, calling it “unprecedented” and “a serious threat to higher education institutions and their ability to provide need-based financial aid to their students. Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, said in a statement the tax overhaul “is still a terrible bill that rewards the wealthy and corporations at the expense of the middle class. But as it relates to higher education it doesn’t do quite as much damage, thanks to our members’ activism, as it did last week ,” she said.
Your filing status determines the income levels for your Federal tax rates. It is also used to determine your standard deduction, personal exemptions, and many deduction or credit phaseout income ranges. The table below summarizes the five possible filing status choices. It is important to understand that your marital status as of the last day of the year determines your filing status. Generally, you qualify for this status for two years after the year of your spouse’s death, as long as you and your spouse filed a joint tax return in the year immediately prior to their death. You are also required to have at least one dependent child or stepchild for whom you are the primary provider. This home needs to be the main home for the income tax filer and at least one qualifying relative.
You can also choose this status if you are married, but didn’t live with your spouse at any time during the last six months of the year. The filing status for this option is “Married Filing Separately”. Choose ‘no’ if no one can claim you or your spouse as a dependent. Choose ‘yes’ if someone can claim you as a dependent. Choose ‘both you and your spouse if you both are dependents.
You are a dependent if someone supports you and can claim a dependency exemption for you. To qualify a child must be under age 17 at the end of the year. Enter your total of all wages, salaries, tips, etc. For this entry only enter the amount for the primary taxpayer, do not include your spouse. Enter your spouse’s total of all wages, salaries, tips, etc. For this entry, only enter the amount for your spouse.